Jackie Robinson

The man who tore down the color barrier in baseball

young life

Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919. he was the youngest of five brothers, his father left his family when he was only 5. despite all of this he had a pretty good upbringing and he and his brothers dominated all sports in Pasadena, California. his brother mack, won a medal in the 1936 Olympics.

jackie was an amazing athlete

jackie attended UCLA and played baseball, football and track. he was one of the best players on his team in each sport. he won the NCAA national championship in the long jump and was the first athlete at UCLA to get a letter in four varsity sports
Mini Bio: Jackie Robinson

jackie robinson was a vetern

Jackie had experienced working without segregation in the military

beginning of a baseball career

when Jackie returned from war he decided to drop football all together and play baseball. at the time that he made this decision the major leagues were still ALL white. there was an alternative, the negro leagues. an all black semi pro baseball league that played 6 games a week every week for half of the year. this league was witness to arguably some of the best baseball players that never got a legit chance at the major leagues, like satchel Paige, or josh Gibson, after a year of playing in the negro leagues it looked like jackie would end up like the rest of the players, a promising player that never got a chance. until a GM named branch rickey wanted to make a change.
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Branch rickey bio

Born in Ohio in 1881, Branch Rickey had a modest career as a baseball player before becoming an innovative figure in the sport's management. In 1919, he designed the farm system of training and advancing players on which Major League Baseball would come to rely. In 1942, he was named general manager and president of the Brooklyn Dodgers, where he broke the long-standing race barrier in 1945 by signing Jackie Robinson, the first black player in the major leagues (Robinson made his major league debut in 1947). Rickey went on to become a prominent civil rights spokesman, and he remained a larger-than-life figure in the baseball world until his 1955 retirement.
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the struggle of breaking the color barrier in the first years

jackie played his first game in Ebbets Field for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947—becoming the first black player to compete in the major leagues. Rickey knew there would be difficult times ahead for the young athlete, and so made Robinson promise to not fight back when confronted with racism. Rickey also personally tested Robinson's reactions to the racial slurs and insults he knew the player would endure. From the beginning of his career with the Dodgers, Robinson's will was tested. Even some of his new teammates objected to having an African-American on their team. People in the crowds sometimes jeered at Robinson, and he and his family received threats. notably by the Philadelphia Phillies and their manager, Ben Chapman. During one infamous game, Chapman and his team shouted derogatory terms at Robinson from their dugout. Many players on opposing teams threatened not to play against the Dodgers. Even his own teammates threatened to sit out. But Dodgers manager Leo Durocher informed them that he would sooner trade them than Robinson. His loyalty to the player set the tone for the rest of Robinson's career with the team.
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taking the "muzzle" off

in Robinson's later years as a player, after he had established himself as a great player in the majors, the "muzzle" was taken off and he started getting revenge for the many years that he had been discriminated. Robinson also became a vocal champion for African-American athletes, civil rights, and other social and political causes. In July 1949, he testified on discrimination before the House Un-American Activities Committee. In 1952, he publicly called out the Yankees as a racist organization for not having broken the color barrier five years after he began playing with the Dodgers.

the Robinson effect

Barry Larkin Discuss the Impact of Jackie Robinson

after baseball

After baseball, Robinson became active in business and continued his work as an activist for social change. He worked as an executive for the Chock Full O' Nuts coffee company and restaurant chain, and helped establish the African American-owned and -controlled Freedom Bank. He served on the board of the NAACP until 1967 and was the first African-American to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. In 1972, the Dodgers retired his uniform number of 42.

In his later years, Robinson continued to lobby for greater integration in sports. He died from heart problems and diabetes complications on October 24, 1972, in Stamford, Connecticut. He was survived by his wife, Rachel Isum, and two of their three children. After his death, his wife established the Jackie Robinson Foundation dedicated to honoring his life and work. The foundation helps young people in need by providing scholarships and mentoring programs.

A LEGEND

Robinson’s life was the subject of the acclaimed 2013 movie.
42 - Official Trailer #2 [HD]