What's Inside of a Cell?
Cells, Cells, They're Made of Organelles
What are organelles?
An Organelle is any of a number of organized or specialized structures within a cell.
What is a Plant Cell?
Plant cells are eukaryotic cells. That means that the cell has a nucleus. There are several organelles that are in Plant Cells. There are several organelles that are in a plant cell that are also in an animal cell.
What is an Animal Cell?
An Animal Cell is also a eukaryotic cell. An animal cell also has a nucleus, and that is what makes it a eukaryote. There are several organelles in an animal cell that are also found in plant cells. There are two things that are found in plant cells that are not found in animal cells. Those two things are the cell wall, and the chloroplast.
What is the Nucleus?
The Nucleus is found in both a plant and an animal cell. The Nucleus is the control center of the cell, and it directs much of the activity inside of a cell. The Nucleus holds the DNA, which dictate the proteins the cell produces. It is known as The Mayor.
What is the Cell Wall?
The Cell Wall is only found in a plant cell. The Cell Wall maintains the plant cells shape, and protects the plant. It is considered the Security Guard
What is the Cell Membrane?
A Cell Membrane is found in both a plant and animal cell. The Cell Membrane controls what enters and exits the cell. It is known as the doorman of the cell.
What is the Cytoplasm?
The Cytoplasm is found in both a plant and an animal cell. The Cytoplasm is a jelly-like liquid that maintains the internal pressure of the cell, insuring that it doesn't shrink like a deflated system. It is also known as "Where the action Happens."
What are the Mitochondria?
The Mitochondria is found in both the plant and animal cells. The mitochondria are like power plants of a cell, they produce and energy rich molecule called ATP, and this fuels most action in the cell. It breaks down sugar to release energy.
What is the vacuole?
The vacuole is found in both a plant and an animal cell. However, the Vacuole is much larger and much easier to see in a plant cell. The vacuole stores water, food, and extra waste.
What are Ribosomes?
Ribosomes are found in both plant and animal cells. They follow the instructions from the nucleus and create proteins that the cell needs. This is also known as the factory.
What is the Golgi Body?
The Golgi Body is only found in a Plant Cell. The Golgi Body groups Lipids and proteins and packages them in packets.
What are the Smooth and Rough Endoplasmic Reticulums?
The Smooth and Rough ER's are found in both a plant and animal cell. What they do, is they follow the instructions from the nucleus and make the proteins that the cell needs. The Endoplasmic Reticulum also prepares the proteins to be transported to the Golgi Apparatus.
What is a Lysosome?
A lysosome is just found in an Animal Cell. The Lysosome breaks down waste and detoxifies poisons to clean up the cells. This is also known as the Recycling Station.
What is the Cell Theory?
There are three parts of the Cell Theory. The first part states, "All organisms are composed of one or more cells." The second part states, "The Cell is the basic unit of structure and organizations in organisms." The third part states, "All living things are composed of cells."
How are Cells classified from smallest to largest form?
It starts with a single cell. Next is a tissue. After a tissue, is an organ. We all know that several organs grouped together is an organ system. Last but not least after an organ system, an organism
What is a Eukaryotic Cell?
A Eukaryotic cell is a cell that has a nucleus. Two examples are plant and animal cells.
What is a Prokaryotic Cell?
A Prokaryotic Cell is a cell that does not have a nucleus. Two examples of a Prokaryotic Cell is a Bacteria Cell and Archaea.