AIDS in Sub Saharan Africa

Sara Stow

Shocking Statistics

  • Eight out of every 10 children in the world whose parents have died of AIDS live in sub-Saharan Africa
  • 55% of all people living with HIV/AIDS are girls and women
  • Seventy two percent of all people infected with HIV live in sub-Saharan Africa, although this region contains little more than 12 percent of the world’s population

  • During 2011, 1.2 million adults and children died due to AIDS- related illnesses in Sub Saharan Africa
  • Since the time AIDS has become an epidemic, more than 15 million people in Sub Saharan Africa have died for a reason related to the crisis

Estimated Number of AIDS Cases in Africa- 2003

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Comparison of People Living with AIDS in Different Areas of the World

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Impact of AIDS on Children

As family members become ill with AIDS/HIV, children have to take on more responsibility at home. They may need to get jobs, take care of younger siblings, and find ways to get food for their families.
There are more children orphaned by AIDS/HIV in Africa than in any other place in the world. Because of this, many children are being raised by extended family members and some are even becoming the "head of the household" at age 12.

Moving in the Right Direction....

According to a 2013 special report issued by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the number of HIV positive people in Africa receiving anti-retroviral (acting, used, or effective against retroviruses) treatment in 2012 was over seven times the number receiving treatment in 2005, "with nearly 1 million added in the last year alone". The number of AIDS-related deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2011 was 33 percent less than the number in 2005. The number of new HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2011 was 25 percent less than the number in 2001.