Slavery/ the Abolitionist Movement

By Noah, Sarah, Nikki, And Thanh

Summary

The Abolitionist movement in the United States of America was an effort to end slavery in a nation that believed "all men are created equal." Abolitionists grew more demanding, and slave owners entrenched in response, this ultimately led to the American Civil War.



African slavery began in North America in 1619 at Jamestown, Virginia

The Constitution prohibited importation of slaves, but managed so without using the words "slave" or "slavery."


Frederick Douglass- published newspaper the north star Martin R. Delaney soon joined him

Harriet Tubman lead the underground railroad an escape for slaves from the south to the north

Harriet Beecher Stowe authored Uncle Toms Cabin

John Brown led his followers to kill pro slavery people

Abraham Lincoln

The 13th Amendment to the Constitution, declared ratified on December 18, 1865, ended slavery in the United States—at least in name.

ID's

William Lloyd Garrison: 1805-1879: He was a militant abolitionist who became the editor of The Liberator. Garrison founded the American anti slavery society.


Theodore Weld: 1802-1895: He advised the breakaway anti-slavery Whigs in congress. His anonymous tract "American Slavery As It Is" was the inspiration for Uncle Tom's Cabin.


Theodore Parker: 1810-1860: He was a leading transcendentalist radical who became known as "the keeper of the publics conscience." He was often put in physical danger due to his advocating for social reform.


The Grimke Sisters, Sarah and Angelina: They wrote and lectured vigorously on reform causes such as the abolitionist movement and others.


Elijah Lovejoy: 1802-1837: He was an abolitionist and editor whose press was attacked 4 times. Lovejoy was killed by defending it.


Sojourner Truth: Previous name was Isabella Baumfree, and was one of the best known abolitionists. She was the first black female orator that spoke up against slavery.


Frederick Douglass: 1817-1895: He was a self educated slave that eventually escaped in 1838. He edited an anti-slavery weekly call The North Star and lectured with William Lloyd Garrison.


Harriet Tubman: 1821-1913: She was a former escaped slave who founded the Underground railroad, which led 300 slaves to freedom. throughout her lifetime, she made 19 trips into slave territory to lead other slaves into freedom. Due to her success, she was referred to as "the Moses of her people."


Slave Revolts: Prosser, Vesey, Turner: In 1800, Gabriel Prosser and 1000 rebellious slaves gathered to revolt. After the plot was given away, Prosser and 35 others were executed. In 1822, a freed black Denmark Vesey and his followers (about 9000) prepared to revolt. Word got out and suppression and retribution followed. In 1831, Nat Turner, a slave preacher, led a revolt of African Americans armed with guns and axes that went from house to house in Southhampton Country, Virginia. They killed 60 white women, men, and children before they were stopped. Over 100 blacks were executed in the aftermath. Nat Turner's slave revolt was the only actual slave insurrection in the 19th century South.

Eric Foner on the abolitionist movement