World History Project.

Tianna Matthews

Bubonic Plague

About 1/3 of all Europe's population died; disease spread by rats, brought by sailors from Crimea (Kaffa); work shortage, wages for skilled laborers soared; Black Death

Bubonic PLague Casues

  • The bubonic plague causes are bacteria called Yersinia pestis. Usually, the bacteria is spread through the bites of infected fleas or rodents. However, other animals can carry this bacteria, too, such as prairie dogs, lice, and chipmunks. Once infected, bubonic plague causes such symptoms as headaches, fever, and swollen, tender lymph glands.
  • How Bubonic Plague Works

    Bubonic Plague Effects

    Within one to six days of being infected, the bubonic plague's effects can start to appear. If left untreated, the condition can lead to death. Possible signs of infection include fever, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and buboes. In less than 10 percent of infected people, plague meningitis can occur. The symptoms of bubonic plague meningitis include stiff neck, fever, headache, and coma.

    Facts about the bubonic plague

    The Black Death arrived in Europe by sea in October 1347 when 12 Genoese trading ships docked at the Sicilian port of Messina after a long journey through the Black Sea. The people who gathered on the docks to greet the ships were met with a horrifying surprise: Most of the sailors aboard the ships were dead, and those who were still alive were gravely ill. They were overcome with fever, unable to keep food down and delirious from pain. Strangest of all, they were covered in mysterious black boils that oozed blood and pus and gave their illness its name: the “Black Death.” The Sicilian authorities hastily ordered the fleet of “death ships” out of the harbor, but it was too late: Over the next five years, the mysterious Black Death would kill more than 20 million people in Europe–almost one-third of the continent’s population.

    Black Death

    Causes of black death

    All forms are caused by a bacterium called Yersinia pestis. The oriental rat flea carries this bacterium, and lives on the backs of rats. The flea inhales carbon dioxide exhaled from humans, and jumps through the air to feed on a new host. Back in the 1600's, people thought it was transmitted through the air, because the smell of the dead and dying was so awful. So The Oriental Rat Flea caused the black death, otherwise known as the plague.
    disease spread by fleas which communicated the disease from rats and to humans.

    Effects About the Black Death

    the effects of the black death were
    it reduced the population of England
    shortage of labour
    schools closed
    thieves took advantage and started raiding homes
    What Was the Black Death? What Were the Symptoms?

    Dark Ages

    Causes of Dark Ages

    The dark ages in Europe was triggered by the fall of Rome in 476 AD, which led to roughly a thousand years of no progess in Europe until the Renaissance period, around the 14th to 17th centuries.


    Renaissance causes


    secularism,humanism, questioning of ideas, traditions, and institutions

    Renaissance Effects

    religious reforms, interests in social issues, new forms of lit., artistic achievements, exploration and colonization
    Otis Art History 16 - Italian Renaissance - Florence

    Martin Luther

    Causes of Martin Luther

    Tetzel wanted to raise money to rebuild St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome.

    Johann Tetzel was selling "indulgences"

    Martin Luther was deeply troubled by Tetzel's tactics.

    He wrote 95 theses attacking the selling of indulgences.

    Martin Luther wrote 95 theses attacking the selling of indulgences

    All people with faith were equal

    Effects Of Martin Luther

    He confessed his sins, fasted, and slept without a blanket until he froze.

    Johann Tetzel was selling "indulgence

    He wrote 95 theses attacking the selling of indulgences.

    The reformation of the Roman Catholic Church had begun.


    Martin Luther Biography

    Protestant Reformation

    Causes Of Protestant Reformation

    Beginning of mass education and questions were being asked. No one man led any revolution Luther's followers did, he simply questioned.
    With a falling away of centralization of education, people were free to think and question on their own. They were not fed the diet of what the monks and bishops thought they should have. Many reformists are credited with it but I think that Luther, Calvin, Mennon and so on would agree that they did not revolt, they simply wanted answers.


    Effects Of Protestant Reformation

    Effect were a gradual awaking, the dark ages were called that because of church errors. It took hundreds of years to get over the first millenium. Then it was okay to learn because the world did not end. But things moved slowly back then. There was no mass "revolution".
    The Protestant Reformation Explained: World History Review

    Columbian Exchange

    Causes Of Columbian Exchange

    I think the cause was by Christopher Columbus who "accidentally" landed in America and he thought he had found Asia and died thinking that he had reached Asia. This was only the beginning of The Columbian exchange. Soon explorers followed his routes and found America and they eagerly flocked back to Europe and began trading.They took domesticated animals. Like cows, sheep, pigs, goats, horses and chickens. Before this Indians had none of these domesticated animals, but they had turkey. Europeans also took plants, and disease with them. Like measels and smallpox which were only a few of the many disadvantages.

    Effects Of Columbian Exchange

    The immuno-supermen of Europe brought smallpox, cholera, and influenza and measles to the New World and took home syphilis. The scale of death in the Americas was overwhelming, 9 out of 10 people died in the hardest hit areas, and it was not uncommon to see 50% mortality in other areas.

    The diseases spread faster than the conquistadors, who got the impression that the Americas were largely unpopulated. For a couple centuries, Europeans patted themselves on the back for being world conquerors, or explained that it was the superiority of their God, when in fact they were a handful of strange soldiers showing up among shell shocked widows and orphans in a post apocalyptic disaster zone.

    At the same time that Columbus was sailing to Cuba, the Spanish Inquisition was getting warmed up. The church was in process with its assault on paganism (witchcraft) in northern and western Europe. The conquistadors in the Americas never considered any course but harsh conversion for the natives of the New World.

    It's common for people to question or rage at God when a handful of teenagers crash and burn in an SUV. Imagine how spiritually vulnerable the American locals must have been as they buried or abandoned their sick and dead relatives. As Europe steps away from religious fervor in modern times, Christianity remains strong in both north and south America. It's interesting to imagine what would have happened if it had been the Romans (who were tolerant adopters of other spiritual ideas) who had crossed the Atlantic.

    Christopher Columbus

    Effects of Christopher Columbus

    Many things that were brought from the Americas to Europe. Sadly, Tobacco would turn out to be one. On the bright side, tomatoes, potatoes, chili peppers, chocolate, corn, squash and many kinds of beans, among other things were brought to the Old World.

    Causes of christopher columbus

    I don't know the numbers, but one of the big causes of Columbus sailing was the fact that spices and other things from Asia, especially Southern and Southeastern Asia were wanted in Europe and worth a lot of money in those days. They also wanted gold very badly (as is evident in the explorations of the New World, this seemed to be a major goal) The Spanish Inquisition was about that time and among other things, they wanted to find new 'souls' to convert to the Catholic Church.
    Christopher Columbus: What Really Happened

    Spanish Armada

    Effects of Spanish Armada

    The Spanish Armada caused Spain a lot of money to build. Yet, they lost due to poor weather. This effect of the armada led Spain to bankruptcy not too much later. In the long run, this led to the downfall of Absolutist Spain and let England dominate the seas. The main effect of the Spanish Armada was that it weakened Spain severely

    Causes of Spanish Armada

    Philip was married to Mary Tudor (Elizabeth's sister) until she died in 1558.
    Philip offered to marry Elizabeth But she refused him and remained single.
    Philip II was a committed Catholic and wished that all countries would become or remain Catholic.
    In 1559 Elizabeth decided to allow people in Wales and England to choose whether they wanted to be Catholic, or Protestant. This decision angered Philip.
    Spain ruled a number of countries
    in the New World. Seamen such as Sir Francis Drake stole treasure from Spanish ships during the 1570's and 80's. Elizabeth had been encouraging this !!
    France was an enemy of England and Spain. Both countries had joined forces against France in the past.
    In 1562 however, Civil War broke out in France. This meant that France was no longer a threat to England and Spain. Spain no longer needed England as an ally.
    In 1585, Elizabeth sent an army to help the people of Holland fight against the Spanish. For the fist time England and Spain were at war with each other.
    Elizabeth had signed Mary Queen of Scot's death warrant in February 1587.
    Mary was a Catholic Queen and this angered Philip.
    Sir Francis Drake had sailed to Cadiz Harbour in April 1587. The Spanish fleet was there and he set fire to 37 ships belonging to Philip. He boasted
    Spanish Armada Defeat (Triumph) HD

    French Revolution

    Causes of French Revolution

    the people are really not having humanity and would kill the people as they wish even if they do a small mistake like scolding a small word to someone and the french revolution kings would print a stamp on the slaves to indcate that they are slaves

    Effects of French Revolution

    The proximate cause of the French revolution was the King's request for increased taxes. The long-term causes include the unholy alliance between church and state, aristocratic privilege, and chronic near-starvation in the French population due to low farm productivity.
    The French Revolution -In a Nutshell