Type 2 Diabetes
What to know...
What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
So What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
This form of diabetes is where the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin for the amount that your body needs. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose (sugar) and fat in the blood stream.
There is no cause of Type 2 Diabetes, but their are risk factors of getting it, some of these include,
- Overweight or Obese
- High blood pressure
- Family history
- Giving birth to a child who is over 4.5kg
What are the complications diabetics may undertake?
- Heart and blood vessel disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy).
- Eye damage.
- Foot damage.
- Skin and mouth conditions.
- Alzheimer's disease.
- Hearing problems.
It is estimated that by the year 2031, 1 in 7 Australians will have Type 2 Diabetes.
347 Million people worldwide have diabetes, this needs to change.
What Are The Symptoms?
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger (especially after eating)
- Dry mouth
- Frequent urination
- Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
- Blurred vision
- Loss of consciousness (rare)
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
Up to 60% of type 2 diabetes can actually be prevented. All people at risk of type 2 diabetes can easily delay and even prevent the disease by following a healthy lifestyle. This means that you have to:
- Keep a healthy weight
- Exercise for 30-60 minutes a day
- Maintaining cholesterol levels
- Managing blood pressure
- Not smoking
How Is It Treated?
There are many different forms of treatment, but not a cure. Some of these include insulin injections and/or pills. Diabetics need to check there blood sugar levels regularly to make sure that they are in a healthy range.