Type 2 Diabetes

What to know...

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes. 85-90% of everyone with diabetes has Type 2.

So What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

This form of diabetes is where the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin for the amount that your body needs. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose (sugar) and fat in the blood stream.

There is no cause of Type 2 Diabetes, but their are risk factors of getting it, some of these include,

  • Overweight or Obese
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history
  • Giving birth to a child who is over 4.5kg

What are the complications diabetics may undertake?

  • Heart and blood vessel disease.
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy).
  • Kidney damage (nephropathy).
  • Eye damage.
  • Foot damage.
  • Skin and mouth conditions.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Alzheimer's disease.
  • Hearing problems.

Preparing for your appointment

It is estimated that by the year 2031, 1 in 7 Australians will have Type 2 Diabetes.

347 Million people worldwide have diabetes, this needs to change.

Type 2 Diabetes Animation

What Are The Symptoms?

  1. Increased thirst
  2. Increased hunger (especially after eating)
  3. Dry mouth
  4. Frequent urination
  5. Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
  6. Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  7. Blurred vision
  8. Headaches
  9. Loss of consciousness (rare)
If you have any of these symptoms repeatedly please see your GP.

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

Up to 60% of type 2 diabetes can actually be prevented. All people at risk of type 2 diabetes can easily delay and even prevent the disease by following a healthy lifestyle. This means that you have to:

  • Keep a healthy weight
  • Exercise for 30-60 minutes a day
  • Maintaining cholesterol levels
  • Managing blood pressure
  • Not smoking

How Is It Treated?

Currently there is no cure for Type 2 Diabetes, yet certain lifestyle modifications can help to prevent it, as seen above.

There are many different forms of treatment, but not a cure. Some of these include insulin injections and/or pills. Diabetics need to check there blood sugar levels regularly to make sure that they are in a healthy range.

For More Information:

For more information please see: http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au