Languages of India
By: Shefali Deo
All of the 22 main national languages share a common thing- they all are direct descendants of Sanskrit, which is recognized as the classical language of India.
Hearth of Sanskrit is the Indus Valley
Sanskrit is a historical language from Indo-Aryan language group of the Indo-European language family.
- Sanskrit is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, and a literary language in Buddhism and Jainism.
- Sanskrit diffused throughout the Indian subcontinent through relocation diffusion. People migrated from one state to another, carrying the language with them.
- Robert Antoine, who was a Belgian Jesuit priest and a missionary in India, helped diffuse Sanskrit in India through teaching people about the language and its philosophy.
- In each state, people had different dialects of Sanskrit.
- Hindi is a sanskritized Hindustani language which is related to Hinduism. It's words, vocabulary come from the pidgin of Urdu and Sanskrit.
- Hindi's linguistic dialect comes from the Mughal Empire, who were Persian Muslims.
- Hindi is the official language of India. It also belongs to the Dravidian branch of the Indo-European language branch.
- Dialects of Hindi are also different in each state. They might use different vocabulary than others and might say it in a different way as well.
- Hindi draws much of its academic vocabulary from Sanskrit.
- Today, not a lot of people in India speak Sanskrit, except when it is used in religious purposes. It will become an extinct language in the years to follow.
- Many people in India still learn Sanskrit and also pursue degrees in that field, but don't speak it that much.
- However, programs in India are enforcing to keep Sanskrit as a common language and are encouraging people to speak it as well.
- Hindi has become a predominant language throughout India. It is becoming a popular language.
- It has become a lingua franca of India as it is used for government and trade purposes.