Southeast Asia

Macy Perkes and Joselle StaAna

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SOUTHEAST ASIA

Southeast Asia consists of nine countries with thousands of islands. There are many archipelagos, mountains, volcanoes and tectonic plates. Southeast Asia was mostly controlled by European countries until Independence. Due to India coming over to Asia, their culture, language and religion was influenced amongst the region.

Physical Features of Southeast Asia

Tropical Region

Southeast Asia's Natural Resources

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Life and Culture of Southeast Asia

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People and Overcrowding

Southeast Asia has about 625 million people in the region and there are five main groups that dominate the mainland: Burmese, Siamese, Malay, Mon-Khmer and Vietnamese. Most of the population live in rural areas, but since World War II, urbanization took place and cities became overcrowded.

Some countries, such as the Philippines, has a primate city; in this countries case, it's Manila. There are more than 11 million people living in Manila and they suffer from overcrowding.

Culture

Problems Southeast Asians Face

Earning a Living

In this region, farming is one of the ways you and your family could survive. Rural villages depend on rice and rice is the most important food in the region. People use rice to sell for money and it works very well. Rice is a cash crop throughout the whole continent but Vietnamese and Indonesia, are the two most popular countries that exports rice. Other crops the Southeast Asia exports are cocoa, coffee and spices.


Industry has been a big focus to most countries, since the colonial period. Mining has been an important to the region's economy. Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, altogether produce half of the world's tin. In the Island of New Guinea, gold and copper can be mined.

In Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia, fishing is an important livelihood. Tourism is a growing industry in Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand. Ecotourism is also important, with people visiting for the coral reefs.

History of Southeast Asia

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Prehistoric Times

Powerful Societies Emerge

Trading Societies

Agricultural Societies

Islamic States

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Islamic States

800s-900s A.D. - Islamic states reached Southeast Asia due to trade from the Middle East

1200s A.D.- Two Islamic kingdoms established in Sumatra

1400s A.D. - Islam capitalized along the Strait of Malacca and developed trading empires. Also, European discoverers looked for gold, silver, and spices. Christianity was also brought to the region.

European Discovery

Controlled Countries

Independent Countries

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Southeast Asia was controlled by foreign power. There was a violent rule and explosive resistance by the people of Southeast Asia.

Dawn of Freedom

1500- Philippines was the first country to gain independence.

1898- United States took control of the Philippines.

WW ll- Japan sent its military forces to take control over Southeast Asia islands. Japan hoped to use Southeast Asia's oil, rubber, and timber.

1945- War ended

1946- U.S. granted independence to the Philippines.

1948- Myanmar negotiated its independence from Britain.

1949- Indonesia freed from the Netherlands

1950- Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia freed themselves form the French. Malaysia and Singapore from Britain.

East Timor (Timor Leste)

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This country was the last to gain independence. They declared independence in 1975 but was invaded by Indonesia. Indonesia ruled there until 2002.

Here is a video!

100 Days of Solo Backpacking South East Asia - GoPro