Africa and Atlantic

Raymond Li and Brandon Chow

Describe the social effects of the slave trade.

The negative impact of the international slave trade on Africa was immense. It can be seen on the personal, family, communal, and continental levels. In addition to the millions of able-bodied individuals captured and transported, the death toll and the economic and environmental destruction resulting from wars and slave raids were startlingly high. In the famines that followed military actions, the old and very young were often killed or left to starve.

Describe the political effects of the slave trade.

Historical evidence from case studies show how the slave trade caused political instability, weakened states, promoted political and social fragmentation, and resulted in a deterioration of domestic legal institutions.

How did the plantation system work in the New World (What cash crops were produced?

Plantations can be defined as large farms in the colonies that used the enforced labor of slaves to harvest cotton, rice, sugar, tobacco and other farm produce for trade and export. Crops were planted on a large scale with usually just one major plant species growing. Typical plantations ranged from 500 to 1,000 acres and each acre produced about 5,000 plants. The agriculture system of plantations was implemented in the Southern Colonies during Colonial Times. The five Southern Colonies who introduced the system of plantations were composed of the Maryland Colony, Virginia Colony, North Carolina Colony, South Carolina Colony and the Georgia Colony. The reason that plantations sprang up in the South was due to the geography and climate of the Southern colonies areas.

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How did slaves resist?

The slaves resisted by attempting revolts against their owners. However, the owners had many weapons while the slaves only had their bare hands to use. Eventually, the slaves developed the method of escaping from their slaves as a form of escaping. However, the owners had dogs that could track the scent of their slaves. Harriet Tubman came up with the Underground Railroad which help many slaves escape and earn his freedom in the north of the U.S.A.
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