Civil Rights Movement

By: Meghan and Quadre

Intro to the Civil Rights Movement

The civil rights movement was a long fought battle of of political movements and protests for racial equality before the law. Many cases show forms of campaigns wanting to achieve this goal through peace and love. People like Martin Luthor King Jr. believed in peace. Others such as Malcolm X thought equality would be earned through violent protests.
African American Civil Rights Movement 1955-1968

Effect on the Black Community

The African-American people wanted to outlaw racial discrimination and to gain equality nationwide. They have had to endure some of the most unlawful and cruel treatment in history. They have been beaten, treated like trash and even killed. Many stood up to protest against these actions. Some did not support the movement and fought to keep their racist ways. The KKK were among groups aiding white supremacy while good people like Martin Luthor King, Malcolm X and Rosa Parks stood up for what's right.

History of the Civil Rights Movement

Blacks were forced to have separate classrooms, library, water fountains from whites. This segration between whites and blacks caused many court cases that often got to the Surpreme Court. One of the earlier cases was Sipuel v Oklahoma State Rgents (1950) in which ruled that blacks must provide equal education of black student Ada Louis Sipuel the university admitted but segegration didn't end here, creating separate universities for the black students appling tothe University would be to much of an expense for the University instead they elected to but up screens to segerate the blacks from the whites, and also made segregational use of librarys and even the Universities caferieria. Another case challenged this in Mclauire v Oklahoma State Regents (1950) on behalf of black student George W. Mclauire the court declares that the University's arrangements did not provide a truly equal education. The next day in the Sweatt v Painter (1950), the court said that the University of Texas's seperate law school of Herman Sweatt as unconstitutional. Ruling this decision for a number of reasons including isolation from his peer groups. By 1954 due to numerous school court cases, the courts finally decided the landmark Brown vs. Board of Education ruling "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal" Kirk 56. The courts heard testimony from psycholoist Kenneth Clark research studies and experiments. When assessing black and white dolls given to students, the black dolls were always considered inferior.

How did white middle class families react to integration?

The middle class whites had an integration shock, with many fleeing to all white suburbs, with false reasons of tax benefits and better facilities.

How did the Vietnam War help the Black Panthers?

With the passage of the Voting Rights Act in 1965, many college students became involved with political causes. Black groups, such as the Panthers opened up to more white student help, resulting in a growing anti-war statement and civil rights movement. White students or radicals as they were called, helped with demonstrations, setting up speeches and distributing flyers.

How could the United States ever allow segregation?

After the civil war, many southern Democrats set about to abolish civil rights of former slaves, and wrote severals laws that provided for segregation of the African-American population. They kept ignoring amendments to the Constitution and interpreting them for own good cause.

Who was Rosa Parks?

Rosa Park's was a secretary who refused to give up her seat for a white passenger. This happened on December 1st, 1955 which started a Montgomery, Alabama boycott. This helped to begin Martin Luther King's rise to leadership.


1. What sparked the Civil Right Movement?

2. About how many court cases were filed prior to Brown V. the Board of Education?

3. Which Civil Rights leaders were mentioned in presentation?

4. What research or experiments did Kenneth Clark use?

5. How was Kenneth Clark's research used?

Website Citations

Citation: Kirk, John. "The Long Road To Equality." History Today 59.2 (2009): 52-58. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.
Citation:Shaffer, Robert. "Public Employee Unionism: A Neglected Social Movement Of The 1960S." History Teacher 44.4 (2011): 489-508. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.

Citation: Hall, Simon. "Civil Rights Activism In 1960S Virginia." Journal Of Black Studies 38.2 (2007): 251-267. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.

Citation: DURAN, JANE. "Black/White Radical Alliances In The 1960S." Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine 63.5 (2011): 56-63. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.