Proteins

Siddharth Kumaran & Jonathan Lindbloom 6th

Monomer

Amino acids are the monomers that make up types of protein.


Polymer

Amino acids are bonded by peptide bonds to form polypeptides


Examples of Protiens

  • Keratin
  • Elastin
  • Collagen
  • Hemoglobin
  • Casein
  • Myosin


Functional Groups

There are 2 functional groups that are ALWAYS found:



  • Amines
  • Carboxyl


Common Functions of Proteins

  • Controls the rate of reactions and regulate cell processes
  • Forms bones and muscles
  • Transports substances between cells
  • Help fight diseases


Protein Structure

  • Parts with limited flexibility act as hinges, springs, and levers that are vital to the protein's function. This allows proteins to be brought together, and to transmit information between cells.
  • The functional groups found in proteins allow for the function of enzymes to occur. Also other functional groups account for many of the protein functions
  • Proteins can interact with one another form complex assemblies, that a single protein can't perform