Womens And Civil Rights
By: Anna and Katrina
Jim Crow Laws
Jim Crow Laws were laws that made segregation legal. Under these laws whites and blacks lived completely separated lives. Schools, buses, trains, and other public places were segregated from these laws. Blacks and whites had different places dedicated to them, for example, if a black person were to go in a white waiting room, they would get arrested because they weren't in the "colored" waiting room.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
On June 7th 1892, Homer Plessy was arrested for being in an only white car. Plessy was seven-eighths white and one-eighth black, but he got arrested even though he had the appearance of a white man. During the court the jury ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment was to create "absolute equality of the two races before the law," such equality extended only so far as political and civil rights.
Women's Right to Vote
In 1869 the National Women's Suffrage Association was founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Lucy Stone, the founder of the American Suffrage Association wanted the state governments to change their constitution so women could vote. All three of the women worked together for 30 years. In 1874 the Supreme Court ruled that a U.S. citizen could not automatically give women the right to vote. In 1918 women had the same voting rights as men!
The Nineteenth Amendment
In 1898 the suffrage amendment was wrote to the Constitution by Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The United States Congress failed to pass the amendment giving the right for women to vote. But the support for women suffrage continued to increase around the country. In 15 states women were elected representatives to congress. When World War I started women took over the jobs of men as they went to fight.