The Enlightenment Museum

Life in the 1700s

Music

Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach, Germany on March 31, 1685. Some of his famous songs include Mass in B minor, Brandenburg Concertos, and The Well-tempered Clavier.

George Frederick Handel was born in Halle, Germany on February 23, 1685. Some of his famous songs include Messiah and Rinaldo.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27, 1756. Some of his famous songs include Ascanio in Alba and Lucio Silla

Art

Baroque style of art would evoke emotional states by appealing to the senses. It could be described as grandeur, dramatic, vital, tense, emotionally exuberant, and blurred differences between the arts. Famous paintings are Caravaggio's Calling of St. Matthew and Conversation with St. Paul.

Rococo style of art is light, elaborate, and decorative. It emphasized pastel colors sinuous curves, and patterns based on flowers, vines, and shells. Famous paintings are Francois Boucher's The Vulcan Presenting Venus with Arms for Aeneas and William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress.

Peasant Life

Peasants mostly worked and farms. Men worked long, tiring days which could be 17-18 hours during harvest season, and women worked alongside them by planting and harvesting. Women also cleaned out stables, milked the cows, fed and cared for livestock, cared for children, mended clothes, tended to the garden, and washed the laundry. Most of their food was was wheat, rye, oats, or barley, and they had some beans, peas, fish. The often had ale and sometimes had seasonal vegetables. They had to work all day so their wasn't much time for entertainment.