By: Ashley & Carina

Who is at risk for Mumps?

Children between the ages of 2-12 years old are at higher risks for contracting mumps. The mumps were most likely during the winter/Spring. Mumps is most likely seen in Africa where they have very low rates of vaccination.

How is Mumps Transmitted

Mumps is spread by droplets of saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose, or throat of an infected person, usually when the person coughs, sneezes, or talks. Most mumps transmission likely occurs before the salivary glands begin to swell and up to 5 days after the swelling begins. Items used by an infected person, such as soft drink cans or eating utensils, can also be contaminated with the virus, which may spread to others if those items are shared.

Mumps Symptoms

Some people infected with the mumps virus have no signs or symptoms. When signs and symptoms do develop, they usually appear about two to three weeks after exposure to the virus.

Symptoms :

  • Swollen, painful salivary glands on one or both sides of your face (parotitis)
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain while chewing or swallowing

Treatment for Mumps

  • Take analgesics (acetaminophen, ibuprofen)
  • Applying warm or cold packs to the swollen and inflamed salivary gland region may be helpful.
  • Most children and adults recover from an uncomplicated case of mumps within about two weeks.

  • You're no longer considered contagious and may safely return to work or school one week after a diagnosis of mumps.
  • The treatment success rate is high.

Disease classification

Mumps virus is an endogenous disease.

Infection Cycle

Infective agent: Mumps is caused by a virus from the genus Rubulavirus.

Reservoir: Parotid glands, salivary glands and other epithelial tissues.

Portal of entry: Droplet transmission and respiratory tract.

Portal of exit: Sneezing, coughing, and droplet transmission.

Means of transmission: The virus is spread from person to person.