Eating disorder Created By: Ayesha Khan
Anorexia (an-o-REK-see-uh) nervosa
— is an eating disorder which typically leads to abnormally low body weight, a fear of gaining weight and a constant disliking to the body. People who suffer with anorexia stress their weight and body shape that will tend to significantly interfere with activities in their lives
A little bit about it
1870 – Anorexia became identified and described with its own diagnosis. The identification of the disease was not only related to the new way to look at medicine, but also an effect of societal changes and on the new ‘ideal’ for young women.
1974 - Stories in American media began to emerge about how young women refused to eat, but there was no real explanation within these stories about how serious this illness could be.
1990s - Although Anorexia Nervosa has long been well known by psychologists and medical professionals, it wasn’t until the late twentieth century that the general public first got to know about the disease and its true nature.
2001 – The National Eating Disorder Association (NEDA) is formed. Eating Disorders Awareness and Prevention (EDAP) joined with the American Anorexia Bulimia Association (AABA) to create the largest and longest standing eating disorders prevention and advocacy organizations in the world.
2008 – Anorexia and Bulimia Care reports the UK has the highest rate of eating disorders in Europe
2010 – The NHS Information Centre raises concern about the increasing number of young people developing eating disorders, claiming one in three hospital stays for such illnesses are among children.
2011 – Research from California sheds light on the role of genetics in why some people suffering with an eating disorder, such as chronic cases, have poor recovery outcomes.
How Many People are Affected with Eating Disorders
Eating Disorders: Lifetime Prevalence
* 0.5-3.7% of females suffer from anorexia nervosa
* 1.1-4.2% of females suffer from bulimia nervosa
* 2-5% of males and females suffer from binge eating disorder
* 4.5% females, 0.4% males report bulimia in first year of college Source: APA Work Group on Eating Disorders, 2000
Eating Disorders: Prevalence
* 0.5-1% of adolescents have anorexia nervosa
* 2-3% of adolescents have bulimia nervosa
Eating Disorders: Incidence
* Doubled since 1960s
* Increasing in younger age groups, as young as 7 years
* Occurring increasingly in diverse ethnic and sociocultural groups
* 40-60% of high school girls diet
* 13% of high school girls purge
* 30-40% of junior high girls worry about weight
* 40% of 9-year-old girls have dieted
* 5-year-old girls are concerned about diet
- obsessive behavior
- lack of energy
- poor memory
- problems with physical development
- issues with internal organs