History Final: Toward Independence
Why the Patriots are right
It is undeniable that Great Britain was crossing some boundaries when it came to dealing with colonial folk. England had an unfit ruler, King George III, who was widely regarded as an imbecilic, stubborn, and proud man. Subsequently, mistreatment of the colonies occurred under his rule. A mere fraction of these injustices are the Quartering Act, the Townshend Act, and the Intolerable Acts (more on these later). The colonists merely desired treatment equal to that the English received; after all, the colonials came from England themselves. The revolution was inevitable, as the British refused to treat the Americans fairly and equally.
The Quartering Act
The Quartering Act was a law passed in 1765 by Parliament that ordered colonists to provide British troops with quarters, or housing. The poor defenseless colonials could only watch as their homes were taken over by British troops. As if that wasn't bad enough, the colonials were forced to provide these gluttonous troops with furnishings, such as candles, firing, bedding, cooking utensils, salt, vinegar, and beer/cider. This law, obviously an attempt to further smother colonial efforts in revolution, was met with rebellion. The colonists refused to fund any furnishings for the soldiers, which caused the British government to prevent the assembly from meeting until the act was reinstated. Tempers continued to rise.
The Intolerable Acts
The Intolerable Acts were passed by Parliament in 1774 in response to the Boston Tea Party. King George and Lord North thought that they were helping the colonists by supplying them with cheap tea, which is why they reacted so harshly to the colonists tossing it in the ocean. The Intolerable Acts consisted of several laws, all of which were focused on punishing Massachusetts. The first closed Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for, and the second put the MA government in control of Britain. This caused the colonists to unite and form the First Continental Congress in an attempt to reason with Britain.
The Townshend Acts
The Townshend acts were instigated by Charles Townshend (Champagne Charlie) in the year 1767. These acts were nothing more than further attempts to unjustly tax the colonies. They did this by raising taxes on popular British products such as glass, paper, and tea. The colonials reacted by boycotting British goods, an act even Loyalists could support. Eventually, Lord North persuaded Parliament to lift all the taxes except that on tea, which King George was in favor of. Boycotting the British goods as a unit boosted the colonists feelings of unity, thereby bringing them another step toward independence.