Telegraph

Delievering news since 1832

How It Began

The idea of the telegraph originated in the early 1700's. By 1798, France was using a rough system of it. Samuel F. B. Morse, a New York University professor, began to work on his own idea of the telegraph in 1832. Along with the telegraph, he created Morse code(a set of sounds that corresponded to a letter of the alphabet) in 1835.

By 1838, Professor Morse had presented his idea to the U.S. Congress. Although not the first person to think of the idea (62 others had claimed to invent the first electrical telegraph), Morse was the first to get political backing for the telegraph and a business model for making it work.

Slowly Spreading

The telegraph was created to make long-distance communication easier and faster. The people needed a way to communicate faster than letters.

In 1843, Morse built a telegraph system with the financial support of congress from Washington D.C. to Baltimore. In 1844 on May 24, the first message, "What hath God wrought?" was sent. The telegraph system was slowly progressing. Many attempts failed to make the system work for the entire country.

Finally, Morse extended the telegraph line to New York. At the same time, many companies had begun to take notice of the telegraph's impact and opened their own systems in other parts of the country. Western Union built its first transcontinental telegraph line in 1861.

Texting: The Telegram Of Today

Today, our telegrams are text messages. Both are used for individuals to send and receive messages across distances. However, text messages do not have to be encoded by the sender and decoded by the receiver. Machines do this for us instead.

The innovations to the telegraph are many. In 1876, the telephone replaced the telegraph. Both had the same purpose, but the telephone was faster and easier to operate. On April 3, 1773, the first mobile phone was created, then the smart phone. Its final major innovation is the text message, first sent on December 3, 1992.

STEM Chart For The Telegraph

Science: the discovery of electrical signals being able to be sent across distances.

Technology: something quicker to deliever news.

Engineering: electronic signals, conductive wires, Morse code, something that will write your message.

Math: distance apart from each station where telegraphs are placed.

Areas Of Technology

  • Information and Communication
  • Energy and Power

Positive And Negative

Positive- the telegraph allowed people to comunicate faster.

Negative- the telegraph business owners to enlarge their business to the piont of factorizing them and causing difficult labor conditions and pollution to rise.

If I Could Change It...

I would probably change the way that messages were written, because it's a whole new language to learn. That adds a level of difficulty that is uneeded.