Chapter 16 Frankenstein Analysis

Emily Killian

Characters

Character/Plot Development

After saving the girl and getting shot, the monster immediately becomes bitter. After having a lovely day and being happy and even crying from the joy that he felt from the nice weather, the monster was shot for doing a good deed based on how he looked. The man thought he looked evil and dangerous, and the monster is so much in pain and shock and frustration that he goes from being ridiculously happy to cursing all of mankind. He then meets a young child who he wishes to force into a friendship with him, but after realizing it's Frankenstein's son he strangles him. But it's not an accident, it's not a short lived moment of rage that gave way to confusion and regret, the monster was happy with his decision. He looked at the dead child at his feet afterward and clapped happily that he too could create pain and loneliness, just as Frankenstein did to him. This is a complete 180 from where the chapter started, and I think this is one of the turning points for the monster. Before, he was angered sometimes, and then happy sometimes, but I think after getting shot and becoming angry and then strangling the boy and realizing what he's capable of, the monster is completely bitter and enraged and there is no going back.


"...the day, which was one of the first of spring, cheered even me by the loveliness of its sunshine and the balminess of the air. I felt emotions of gentleness and pleasure, that had long appeared dead, revive within me. Half surprised by the novelty of these sensations, I allowed myself to be bone away by them; and, forgetting my solitude and deformity, dared to be happy."


"No: From that moment I declared ever-lasting war against the species, and more than all, against him who had formed me, and sent me forward to this insupportable misery."


"From you only could I hope for succor, although towards you I felt no sentiment but that of hatred. Unfeeling, heartless creator! you had endowed me with perceptions and passions and then cast me abroad an object for the scorn and horror of mankind."




Another very important plot development is the fact that after the murder of Frankenstein's son, the monster takes the picture of the woman out of his pocket and puts it in Justine's dress, trying to get her to pay for all of humanity's crimes against him. Of course, she does end up being killed for it, but it doesn't make the situation better.

Direct and Indirect Characterization

Rather than one specific character that is characterized, it is actually all of humanity. Shelley is able to characterize all of humanity as evil and tainted as the monster thinks by directly characterizing the young boy (Frankenstein's son) as beautiful and happy at first. The monster wants to be his friend, all is well, and the even says that this child is young and pure and innocent enough to not know what is beautiful or ugly, so he won't hate me. Of course when the monster approaches him, he calls him rude names and tries to run away. After the direct characterization of saying that because the child is young and beautiful and happy, he should be untainted by the meanness of people, all hope for a good humanity seems to be left up to this child. While all grown people may be bad, this one child is young enough to be good and uncorrupted. Of course, when he isn't, that is the indirect characterizing of humanity as being tainted, regardless of the age, because people are just mean regardless of how innocent or pure you are.

Themes

Dreams and Imagination

In this case, the dream is not a true dream when sleeping, but a dream that is more of a fantasy where the monster had to have a friend, and be loved by the young, beautiful boy that he saw running around. His wish and dream was to have this boy love him and have a friend to play with even though he was terribly ugly, and he was hoping the boy would be too young to see this and be scared by it. Of course, that all came crumbling down when the boy was, in fact, afraid of the monster and called him horrible names and tried to run away.

Human Injustice Toward Outsiders

A wonderful example throughout the whole novel of the theme Human Injustice Toward Outsiders is when the monster sees the young girl struggling after falling into the stream and helps her out and gets shot by the father instead. The monster tried running after the girl to continue helping after the father got there, and he clearly thought he was dangerous and trying to do harm. This not only physically hurt the monster, but mentally and emotionally scarred him as well, turning him bitter and causing even more hatred towards humans because of the personal injustices that he faced by being treated badly by humans because of how he looked.


"This was then the reward of my benevolence! I had saved a human being from destruction, and as a recompense I now writhed under the miserable pain of a wound which shattered the flesh and bone. The feelings of kindness and gentleness, which I had entertained but a few moments before, gave place to hellish rage and gnashing of teeth. Inflamed by pain, I vowed eternal hatred and vengeance to all mankind. But the agony of my wound overcame me; my pulses paused, and I fainted."

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Literary Techniques

Personification

"Soft tears again bedewed my cheeks, and I even raised my humid eyes with thankfulness towards the blessed sun, which bestowed such joy upon me." This sentence personified both the monster's tears and the sun, causing moisture on his cheeks from the tears and the happiness and giving him that happiness. The monster describes the loveliness of the day, and starts crying from all of the happiness and sensation that he feels, and thanks the sun for giving him that. This allows the reader to see him as a sensitive being and that he has a humane, gentle side.

Imagery

"...I now writhed under the miserable pain of a wound which shattered the flesh and bone. The feelings of kindness and gentleness, which I had entertained but a few moments before, gave place to hellish rage and gnashing of teeth. Inflamed by pain, I vowed eternal hatred and vengeance to all mankind." This extreme example of imagery, describing the flesh and bone, the wound and the pain experienced by the monster, and the 'hellish rage and gnashing of teeth' give the reader a clear sense of the heightened emotions that the monster was feeling during this time after he was shot. It allows the reader to really visualize the scene, and the harsh diction shows the reader just how badly the wound was hurting.