Government and Politics
Pakistan is a weak multiparty democracy. They have swung between democratic governments and unelected authoritarian leaders for decades. Pakistan was said to be a major supporter of Afghanistan's Taliban until September 11, 2001 when they aligned with U.S president George W. Bush/s war on terror. The Army remains a major force in Pakistani politics, and the country has been ruled by the military for half of its almost 60-year history of being an independent country. In May of 2003 the first parliamentary elections to follow the completion of a full term by a democratically elected government took place. Mohammad Nawaz Sharisf's Pakistan Muslim League won the contest, setting Sharif up to become prime minister for the third time in his political career. He inherited a plethora of problems, failing economy, power shortages, separatist movements, and ongoing attacks by religious militant groups. Mamnoon Hussain won the presidential election in October 2013. That was the first time in Pakistan's history that a civilian president was elected while an incumbent civilian president was still in office.
Pakistan is highly dependent on foreign aid to bolster its overstretched, poorly planned infrastructure. Pakistan has per-capita gross domestic product of around $450. They are considered a low income country by the World Bank. Few of Pakistans resources are devoted to socioeconomic development or infustructure projects. They have a lack of social services and high population growth and exacerbated poverty and unequal income distribution. Pakistans enormous bureaucracy makes strict licensing requirements almost impossible to fulfill and acts as a brake on development. Their economy has suffered from sanctions imposed by many nations after Pakistan conducted nuclear test in 1998, foreign aid from the United States had resumed by the early 21st century, spurred by the war on terrorism. The cost of relief and reconstruction efforts in the aftermath of the devastating 2005 earthquake that struck the northern Pakistan had only a minor impact on the nations economy due to the remote, underdevelopment nature of the region shaken by the disaster. Low growth and increasing inflation has led to living in poverty. Pakistans unsastainable security, energy, and political situation has also reduced foreign investment. Their main strength as an exporter is based in cotton, which it mostly sends to the United States, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom. Saudi Arabia, The United Arab Emirates, and China are its main partners for imports, which typically include petroleum, machinery, chemicals, and animal products
Pakistan in All
Pakistan, one of the worlds hot spots in the early 21st century, faves the Arabian Sea along its southern coast. Pakistan boarders Afganistan, Iran, India, and China. It is a loans of climatic extremes. Desert provinces of Sind and Baluchistan can expirence temperatures of more that 120 degrees ferinhight. The northern mountains can sink to below-zero temperatures. Pakistans north west region has the country's most temprate climate. The East and the south make up the fertile Indus River floodplain. One of the worst monsoon seasons and flooding events in Pakistani history beginning in July 2010, displacing about 200 million people and triggering an estimated death toll of 13,000-16,000. Most Pakistanis are in the Indus Valley which is the worst possible place when the waters of the ancient river rushed over its banks with a ferocity not seen in living memory, leaving vast horizons of muddy water and inundated countryside. Then they faced the most widespread humanitarian crisis since December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunamis. Almost all Pakistanis are Muslim, adherents of the Sunni sect, though Pakistan is also home to some Christans and Hindus. Urdu and English are the official languages, but Punjabi is spoken by two-thirds of the people. Other spoken languages include, Sindhi, Pashto and Balochi. Only one-third of Pakistans more than 160 million people lives in the capital Islamabad.