Type 2 Diabetes

By Victoria

Definition

Type 1 diabetes: People with type 2 diabetes produce enough insulin, but their body cells don't react normally to insulin, and it results in a high level of glucose in the blood.


Diabetes: A disease in which the body's ability to use glucose is impaired.


Insulin: A hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates body cells to take up and use blood sugar.

Symptoms

Thirst, frequent urination, nausea, hunger, fatigue/drowsiness, itching, blurred vision, numbness in the hands or feet, and hard-to-heal infections.

Causes

Common causes of type 2 diabetes are lack of physical activities and obesity.

Prevention

If you are overweight, you can prevent diabetes by losing 5 to 7 percent of your body weight.

Get at least two and a half hours of physical activity such as brisk walking, dancing, or gardening a week.

Eat healthy foods that are low in fat and reduce the number of calories you take in.

Treatment

In order to treat and prevent or delay type 2 diabetes, you should

monitor your blood sugar

exercise regularly

eat healthy

if needed, possible diabetes medication or insulin therapy

Statistics

8.3% of the United States's population has diabetes

13 million men and 12,6 million women 20 years or older have been diagnosed with diabetes

Among adults aged 20-74 years , diabetes is the leading cause of blindness

More than 60% of non traumatic lower limb amputations are caused by diabetes.

Diagnosis

There are three different tests that your doctor can use to determine whether or not you have diabetes:

The A1C test

The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

The fasting plasma glucose test (FPG)

These tests measure your blood glucose levels and determine whether you have a normal metabolism, or if you have pre diabetes or diabetes.

Citations

"Diabetes Health Center." Type 2 Diabetes Causes and Risk Factors. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

"Diabetes Basics." Diagnosing Diabetes and Prediabetes. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013.

Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Definition." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 25 Jan. 2013. Web. 29 Apr. 2013.

"Check Your Risk for Developing Type 2 Diabetes." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 26 Mar. 2012. Web. 29 Apr. 2013.

"Diabetes Health Center." Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013.