13th-Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
14th-plays such a huge part because it doesn’t allow slavery by any means in any state alongside with it permitting life, liberty or justice to all who deserve through the due process of law.
15th-The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
plans for the south
johnsond plan-His amnesty proclamation (May 29, 1865) was more severe than Lincoln's; it disenfranchised all former military and civil officers of the Confederacy and all those who owned property worth $20,000 or more and made their estates liable to confiscation. The obvious intent was to shift political control in the South from the old planter aristocracy to the small farmers and artisans.
An outraged Northern public believed that the fruits of victory were being lost by Johnson's lenient policy. When Congress convened (Dec. 4, 1865) it refused to seat the Southern representatives. Johnson responded by publicly attacking Republican leaders and vetoing their Reconstruction measures. The Civil Rights Act (Apr. 9, 1866), designed to protect African Americans from legislation such as the black codes, and the Freedmen's Bureau Bill were both passed over Johnson's veto. Doubts as to the constitutionality of the Civil Rights Act led the radicals to incorporate most of its provisions in the Fourteenth Amendment that the ex-Confederate states were in a state of civil disorder, and hence, had not held valid elections. It also maintained that Reconstruction was a congressional. The radicals solidified their position by winning the elections of 1866. When every Southern state (except Tennessee) refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment and protect the rights of its black citizens, the stage was set for more severe measures.
voting rights-They used violence, vote fraud, gerrymandering, literacy tests, white primaries,poll tax, and among others.
The Ku Klux Klan-formed in 1865. Their terrorism of all African Americans, Homosexuals, and immigrants began after the confederate states lost to the North in the Civil War. They would raid houses at night when blacks were sleeping and lynch the family. They would do this while wearing white sheets around their bodies and sometimes they would dress their horses in white sheets as well. They did this to hide their identity. Lynching was not the only thing that this group would do. They would terrify white civil rights workers and Blacks with cross burning, bombings, beatings, death threats, and murder. They would drive Blacks out of their communities by burning houses and barns and destroying crops. From 1870 to 1915 the Klan was not so popular, but in 1916 in Atlanta, Georgia the Klan was reorganized. The new group then started to discriminate all Roman Catholics, Jews, foreigners, Communists, and organized labor. Today, this group has been discriminating the same religions ever since the end of the Civil War.