Animal Safety

Matthew Jenkins, Gage Milstead, Katie Akers

Chemical Safety: Matthew

All chemicals must be properly labeled and stored. Material Safety Data Sheets must be maintained.

Workers must be trained on how to use chemicals.

Personal Protective Equipment must be used and properly cleaned following contact with chemicals.

Diseases and Parasites: Matthew

Diseases:

Noninfectious diseases causes -Faulty nutrition, Metabolic Disorder, Trauma, Toxic substances, and Congenital defects

Infectious - Common viruses include influenza, rabies, shipping fever, etc.

Many viruses can be controlled by vaccinating animals.

Bacteria - Common bacterial infections include salmonella, e-coli, streptococcus, etc.

Bacterial infections can be prevented through proper sanitation and prevention of
injury to animals that cause contact with bacterial"agents.


Parasites:

Internal Parasites - organisms that live inside of an animal.

Common internal prarasites include: roundworms, heartworms, tapeworms, and etc.

Internal parasites are controlled through routine de-worming programs, and pasture and herd management.

External Parasites - organisms that affect the outside areas of an animals body.

Common external parasites include: flies, lice, mites, ticks, and etc.

External parasites are controlled through chemical and biological methods.

Animal Managements: Gage

Record keeping keep accurate breeding records,health protocols production records vaccination schedules. Feeding practices provide adequate nutrition to meet the needs of the individual animals.Animal observation noutinely check animals and be familiar with typical behavior and vital signs.

i. Isolate new animals

ii. detect visual signs that

1. open wounds

2. Isolation from the group

3. lethargic behavior

Animal Handeling: Katie

  1. Facilities should be safe for workers and animals. Good footing is a must, there should be enough space to move animal along with proper working equipment and good lighting.

Animal Behavior

  1. Animals have wider range of vision because their eyes are located on the side of the head. Small movements can distract animal causing a react.
  2. Louder noises disturb animals along with high pitched sounds, more noises than usual can confuse an animal. They remember negative experiences.
  3. Companion and livestock animals won’t attack humans unless it’s out of fear. Tend to show aggression when concerned and cannot escape also known as “flight or fright”. When it comes to their young aggression will happen.

Animal Handling Recommendations: Nathan

Use recommended equipment to restrain animals

Designed facilities to meet recommended specifications such as curved shuts with solid walls to encourage animals to move better with less stress.

Fight zone of cattle. The imagination circle that an animal or herd has.