WORLD WAR I INFO

Archive

Artifacts

Letters

This is a series of letters from a German soldier to his family (his mother specifically). The tone that the letter shows is somewhat of a disconnection between family members. However, these letters boosted morale by giving the soldiers hope and something to fight for.

Circa 1917
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Plane

This is an envelope depicting a biplane and a hot-air balloon. The envelope of course isn’t new and neither was the biplane, but in WWI, different countries had engineered biplanes made for combat! These planes made attacks from the air possible and changed the way that the war was fought.

Circa 1918
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Entertainment

This picture depicts a group of soldiers dancing and having somewhat of a party in a foreign country, having a nice time, This affected the war in a similar way as the letters did, by taking soldiers' minds off of all the violence and letting them have a good time.

Circa 1918
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Weaponry

This is a picture of many drums of mustard gas on a ship. This deadly weapon had a multitude of severe and sometimes fatal effects, leaving permanent burns, blindness and lung failure. This heavily affected the way the war was fought and led to the development of gas masks.

Circa 1918

Important Figures

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Hermann Goering

Born: Jan. 12 1893

Died: Oct. 15 1946


Highly Decorated Military Leader

Organized Nazi Police




Goering served Germany as a pilot in the war.

Afterwards, we worked as a commercial pilot flying planes. He met Adolf Hitler in 1921 and joined the still emerging Nazi party. Goering had taken part in the Beer Hall Putsch in which Hitler had attempted to take control of the German government. Goering became the German president when members of the Nazi Party had the majority of seats in the election.

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Erwin Rommel

Born: Nov. 15 1891


Died: October 14 1944


General


Command:

Army Group B

Army Group Afrika

Panzer Army Afrika

Afrika Korps

7th Panzer Division

Active: 1911-1944


Erwin was a very successful General during WWI. However, he took his own life in WWII when his plan to overthrow Hitler was comprimised.

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David Lloyd George

Born: Jan. 1863


Died: March 1945


When he was younger, his father died. His mother took him to live in Wales, where he was elected in 1890 as a Liberal member of parliament for Caernarvon. He then became chancellor, Minister of Munitions, Secretary of state of war, before becoming the Prime Minister.


He affected the war indirectly, he was in charge of the British Taxes, so he determined how much money the military received.

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Herbert Asquith

Born: Sept. 1852


Died: Feb. 1928


Asquith became Prime Minister when Campbell-Bannerman resigned in 1908. He limited the House of Lords' power so that he David Lloyd George could raise taxes to fund the British military. In 1916, Asquith was replaced by Lloyd George in because of failed military operations.

Major Battles

The Battle of Verdun

A ten month long battle between the French and the German army. The goal of the battle was for the Germans to take the offensive on the Western front. Within a few weeks, the German army had taken control of the French's fort. France had ordered another attack and by the end of the battle, France had regained control of their fort. No side had the advantage and this is remembered to be the most brutal battle in WWI.

The Battles of the Marne

Germany and France had another battle, but in Belgium. France's army combined with the British Expeditionary Forces, Germany yielded the attack on Belgium.

The Battles of Ypres

There were three different battles that occurred in Ypres. The second battle, in 1915 was fairly significant because it marks the first use of poison gas by the Germans. No side had won this battle and it ended with approximately 250,000 deaths on both sides.

The Battle of the Somme

This may be one of the most famous battles of the war. In 1916, British had planned to breakthrough Germany's defenses by marching across no man's land. However this wasn't possible because of the Germans' machine guns. The Germans mowed wave after wave with this weapon, and the British just kept sending men. By the end of this battle there were an estimated 1 million casualties.

The Battle of Cambrai

Britain launched a full scale assault. However this time, they had a weapon to counter the machine gun; the tank. The British combined this new weapon with the element of surprise and gained so much land. At some areas they gained 4-5 miles, which had impressed even them. Because of this, however, the cavalry wasn't ab;e to tale advantage of this well planned attack.

Impact

World War I killed nearly 14 million people. It consequently caused the downfall of at least 4 countries (Germany, Hungary, Russia, Austria). The war is what caused America to become the world's leader in industrial power. The war changed the way wars were fought, with new weaponry and technology. The war cost $186 billion in direct costs.

Works Cited

Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history>.


"Famous People." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.biography.com/people>.


"2898 Results Found. Records Searched: 2899." National World War I Museum : Online Collections. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://theworldwar.pastperfectonline.com/archive>.


"Major Battles of WWI." Major Battles. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <http://www.home.zonnet.nl/rene.brouwer/majorbattles.htm>.


"The Global Effect of World War I." The Global Effect of World War I. Web. 29 Apr. 2016. <https://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/world-war-i/resources/global-effect-world-war-i>.