Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
What is your thyroid?
a butterfly-shaped gland
located in the lower front of the neck
in front of the trachea (windpipe) and below the larynx (voice box)
- uses iodine to make thyroid hormones
What are thyroid hormones?
Thyroid hormones are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4)
They help control the body’s metabolism
When functioning normally, they help the body use energy, stay warm, and keep the brain, muscles, and other organs working properly
- T3 and T4 are secreted into the blood and are carried to tissues in the body
Do you have Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism?
What are Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism?
-Hypothyroidism is too little thyroid hormones
-Hyperthyroidism is an excess of thyroid hormones
What are sympotoms?
Hypothyroidism: body processes start slowing down, fatigue, depression, coldness (can’t maintain body temperature), memory problems, constipation
Hyperthyroidism: Nervousness, irritability, hand tremors, anxiety, insomnia, skin thinning, brittle hair, muscle weakness, weight loss, fatigue
What are available treatments?
Hypothyroidism: Thyroxine pills, but no cure
Hyperthyroidism: Anti-thyroid drugs, radioactive iodine, or surgery