Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

What is your thyroid?

  • a butterfly-shaped gland

  • located in the lower front of the neck

    • in front of the trachea (windpipe) and below the larynx (voice box)

  • uses iodine to make thyroid hormones

What are thyroid hormones?

  • Thyroid hormones are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4)

  • They help control the body’s metabolism

  • When functioning normally, they help the body use energy, stay warm, and keep the brain, muscles, and other organs working properly

  • T3 and T4 are secreted into the blood and are carried to tissues in the body

Do you have Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism?

What are Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism?

-Hypothyroidism is too little thyroid hormones

-Hyperthyroidism is an excess of thyroid hormones

What are sympotoms?

Hypothyroidism: body processes start slowing down, fatigue, depression, coldness (can’t maintain body temperature), memory problems, constipation

Hyperthyroidism: Nervousness, irritability, hand tremors, anxiety, insomnia, skin thinning, brittle hair, muscle weakness, weight loss, fatigue

What are available treatments?

Hypothyroidism: Thyroxine pills, but no cure

Hyperthyroidism: Anti-thyroid drugs, radioactive iodine, or surgery

By Leah Liu and Leah Stauber