The Scientific Revolution

What is it??????.............

A new way of thinking about the natural world.

A major change in European thoughts, starting in the mid 1500's.


What was the change?

scientific revolution began in Europe and continued through the late 18th century, influencing the intellectual social movement known as the Enlightenment. Of all the changes that swept over Europe in the seventeenth and eighteen centuries the most widely influential was the "scientific revolution." In the popular mind, we associate this revolution with natural science and technological change, but the scientific revolution was a series of changes in the structure of European thought itself. It greatly changed the human experience of every other aspect of life, from individual life to the life of the group. This modification in world view can also be charted in painting, sculpture and architecture. you can see that people of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are looking at the world very differently.The Scientific Revolution changed the perspective of many people in the world. Our universe was no longer the mystery that it once was. Some people were excited by these new discoveries and revelations while others were terrified of what they did not know and what it could do to their role in society. We began to question everything around us ...including the rights of kings and religious leaders to rule.


Who where the people associated with the change?

Nicolaus Copernicus was a mathematician and astronomer who proposed that the sun was stationary in the center of the universe and the earth revolved around it. Copernicus decided that he could achieve his goal only through a heliocentric model. He thereby created a concept of a universe in which the distances of the planets from the sun bore a direct relationship to the size of their orbits. At the time Copernicus's heliocentric idea was very controversial. It was the start of a change in the way the world was viewed, and Copernicus came to be seen as the initiator of the Scientific Revolution.


Galileo Galilei

Events during the life of Galileo


  • 1564Born
  • 1589Appointed to the chair of mathematics in Pisa
  • 1692Taught mathematics and science at the University of Pisa
  • 1610Published an account of his telescopic observations of Jupiter
  • 1612Galileo's heliocentric theories were denounced by the Church
  • 1622Published his 1st book, The Assayer
  • 1632Published his 2nd book, Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
  • 1632Ordered to appear before the Holy Office in Rome
  • 1634Placed under house arrest until his death
  • 1638Went completely blind
  • 1642 Died


Galileo was the 1st man to use a telescope to observe the stars and planets.

He was an Italian astronomer, and scientist from 1546 to 1642. He was the 1st one to identify 3 Jupiter moons. He used "science" to determine that the planets in our solar system orbited around the sun, and that some of them had their own moons

which orbit them.

Galileo's telescopic discoveries after 1610 were applauded by Bishops and Cardinals, and Galileo went both to Florence and to Rome as a celebrity. The church disliked him because, he offended the pope .

Galileo, we must not forget, was a provocative and imaginative man, with an established track record of rows and lawsuits behind him. It was when he began to teach Copernicus as the truth, in 1616, that he first got into trouble. For quite simply, from the available evidences, the Earth's motion could not be proven. And when he did it again in 1631, he really got a wigging!

Isaac Newton Isaac was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely regarded as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution.In the summer of 1687, Isaac Newton published his masterpiece, The

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. Its publication was the

culmination of a momentous intellectual development spread over the previous

one hundred and fifty years that transformed Western mankind’s concept of

nature and knowledge. It marked the origin of modern science and is commonly

referred to as the Scientific Revolution. In many ways, the Western world has

been trading on the intellectual capital created at that time.


copernicus

An astronomer, became interested in an old greek idea that the sun stood at the center of the universe.

Did he publish hes work quikly? Why or why not?

No he had publish his work quickly beacusehe he did publish his finding until1543, the last year of his life.

Galileo

An italian scientist built on the new theories about astronomy.

Did the church liked him?What did they do about it?

No the church did not liked him.Took him to court in 1633 and threated him of torture and was never a free man.

What were some of his discoveries? That jupiter had four moons and the sun dark sppots and earths moon had a rough, uneven sutface.

What is the scientist method?Which scientists contributed to it?

A logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas.