The Scientific Revolution

By: Katie McKinney & Cameron Duhon

General Information

  • Started by Nicolaus Copernicus's heliocentric theory
  • Based on experimentation and reason
  • Questioned past information and looked for new information
  • Helped shape the Enlightenment

Contributors

  • Galileo Galilei: made the first systematic studies of uniformly accelerated motion and improved astronomical observations
  • Edmond Halley: discovered the proper motion of stars and the periodicity of comets
  • Johannes Kepler: discovered three major laws of planetary motion

Isaac Newton's Work

  • Combined mathematics with mechanics of physical observation
  • Established a coherent system of verifiable predictions in his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica
  • He applied algebra to geometry, which synthesized calculus and applied it to scientific problems
  • The integration of algebraic and geometric thinking precipitated a scientific and mathematical revolution

The Solar System

  • William Herschel discovered the first planet: Uranus
  • Newton's theory of universal gravitation was used to calculate the mass of the sun
  • Discoveries had an effect on philosophy
  • Discoveries also had an influence on both religious and secular ideas

Citations

  • "Age of Enlightenment." - New World Encyclopedia. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.

  • "Johannes Kepler | German Astronomer." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.

  • "Robert Hooke | British Scientist." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.