Uterine Cancer

The 4th most common cancer

What is Uterine Cancer?

Uterine Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the Uterus. There are two types of uterine cancer: Endometrial and Uterine Sarcoma. Endometrial cancer is the more common of the two. However, Uterine Sarcoma is more dangerous than Endometrial cancer, because It affects the muscles around the Uterus as well as the uterus. Also, Uterine Sarcoma is a more aggressive version of Endometrial Cancer. Therefore, it is considered a separate version of cancer.


Picture: (Endometrial Cancer Fertility)

Symptoms

Symptoms of uterine cancer can include: abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain when urinating, pain during intercourse, and pain in the pelvic area ("Uterine Cancer: Get the Facts on Symptoms and Prognosis").

What are risk factors for Uterine Cancer?

There are many different risk factors for uterine cancer. This includes: being over the age of 55, having a diet with a lot of animal fat, having periods before the age of 12, and simply being white increases a women's chance of getting uterine cancer ("Uterine Cancer- Risk Factors and Prevention").

Who is affected?

Women are the only people who can get affected by uterine cancer as guys don't have a uterus. It is estimated that about 3 in 4 women diagnosed with uterine cancer are 55 and older. A women has a 1 in 37 chance of getting uterine cancer in her lifetime. It is more common in white women; however, black women are more likely to die from it ("What Are the Key Statistics about Endometrial Cancer").


Picture: (Endometrial Ribbon)

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(Uterine Cancer Incidence Rates* by Race and Ethnicity, U.S., 1999–2012.)

Genetic Link

The 3rd chromosome on the MLH1 gene is the one gene that, when affected, causes uterine cancer ("MLH1 Gene."). In a women's lifetime, there is a 1 in 40 chance of getting uterine cancer (Collins).

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How does Uterine Cancer progress?

There are four stages of uterine cancer. Stage one is when the cancer is still inside of the uterus. After that stage two is put into play which is when the Uterine Cancer has spread to the cervix. Then, there comes stage three which is when the Uterine Cancer has invaded other nearby tissues. Finally, stage four is when the Uterine Cancer has spread to distant organs ("How Is Endometrial Cancer Staged").

Treatments!

Treatment for uterine cancer can cost up to much as 150,000 dollars! Treatments that are available are:
  • Surgery to remove the diseased parts.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Gene therapy.
  • Chemotherapy.
The survival rates for uterine cancer in the first year is very high, averaging to 95%! Over a five year local spread it will be 68% which is above half and a very high amount, and over a 6+ spread it would equal to 16%. ("Uterine Cancer - Treatment Options.")

You can't change the fact that you have had cancer. What you can change is how you live the rest of your life. You need to start making good choices, healthier choices for the greater good and for yourself. Here are some things you need to do:


  • Exercise (Try to run a bit each day or every other day. Running cuts out fats, and is good cardio.) For some people, fatigue lasts a long time after treatment, and can make it hard for them to exercise and do other things they want to do. But exercise can help reduce fatigue. ("Lifestyle Changes after Treatment for Endometrial Cancer." )
  • Eat healthier. (An apple a day keeps the doctors away!) One of the best things you can do after cancer treatment is start healthy eating habits. You may be surprised at the long-term benefits of some simple changes, like increasing the variety of healthy foods you eat. ("Lifestyle Changes after Treatment for Endometrial Cancer." )
  • If you smoke and drink, quit. You shouldn't be taking tobacco after you get over cancer. Even things like keeping your stress level under control may help. Now is a good time to think about making changes that can have positive effects for the rest of your life. You will feel better and you will also be healthier. ("Lifestyle Changes after Treatment for Endometrial Cancer." )
  • Sleep and stay off stress. (Post cancer, cancer patients usually have mood swings and big cases of fatigue. If you are very tired, you will need to balance activity with rest. It is OK to rest when you need to. Sometimes it's really hard for people to allow themselves to rest when they are used to working all day or taking care of a household. ("Lifestyle Changes after Treatment for Endometrial Cancer." )
  • Some support groups are counseling and community programs.

Why should you support curing Uterine Cancer?

You should support curing this cancer because "an estimated 54,870 women in the united states will be diagnosed with uterine endometrial cancer" this year ("Uterine Cancer - Statistics."). It is the "seventh most common cause of cancer death for women in the United States"("Uterine Cancer - Statistics.").

Discussion Questions

1. What did you know about cancer before this, and What do you know now?

2. Is there anyone that you know affected by Uterine Cancer?

3. Did learning more about this type of cancer affect your outlook on cancer in general?

4. What are the benefits and risks of the possible treatments?

5. What are the possible side effects of the treatment options?

Beau Darabi's Citations

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Ryan Tran's Citations