Neurofibromatosis

Olvia Valdovinos

Definition

Neurofibromatosis is a genetic neurological disorder that disturbs cell growth in your nervous system, causing tumors to form on nerve tissue. It also can effect the brain, spinal cord, nerves ,and skin.

Symtoms

In the symtoms there is a presence of light brown spots on skin. There is also the apperence of two or more neurofibromas that can grow either on the nerve tissue, under the skin or on many nerve tissues.

How the disorder is diagnosed?

Neurofibromatosis is diagnosed from a combination of findings. For children to be diagnosed with NF1, they must show at least two of the symtoms associated with NF1.

Cause of Neurofibromatosis

Neurofibromatosis is caused by genetic defects (mutations) that either are passed on by a parent or occur spontaneously at conception.

How it is inherited?

NF1 and NF2 are both autosomal domination disorders, which means that any child of parent with disorder has a 50% chance of inheriting this genetic mutation.

How it is treated?

This disorder is treated with surgery, to remove all or parts of tumors that are compressing nearby tissues or bandaging organs.

It mostly appears in...

Neurofibromatosis 1 usually appears in childhood. 60% ofg NF1 cases and are the most common in neurological problems.