Lithium

Everything you need to know about lithium!

Information

Discovery of lithium: Lithium was discovered in the mineral petalite by Johann August Arfvedson in 1817. It was first isolated by William Thomas Brande and Humphrey Davy through the electrolysis of lithium oxide.


Properties of Lithium: It's a soft silvery metal. It has the lowest density's of all metals.

Uses of lithium : Lithium is in rechargeable batteries. It is also in non rechargeable batteries. It is also used in bicycle frames.


Compounds with the element in them: Lithium hydroxide (LiOH) Lithium hydride (LiH) Lithium chloride (LiCl)

Big image
Big image

Models

Group: Alkali Metals

Properties: 1.Low melting and boiling points

2. Soft enough to be cut with knife

3. They have low densities

4. Very reactive

5. they have one electron in their outermost electron layer

Reaction

Lithium and water

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w7FCR9Ja6yM

Single replacement

2Li +2H20 --> 2LiOH + H

Bonding

Lithium and oxide

Li2O

ionic bond

oxygen 53.543

Lithium 46.457

Poem

Lithium is an element

Its best to not combine water and pure lithium

To find lithium on the periodic table look in the alkali metals group

it is not Hard to get a lithium battery

an Ionic bond forms with lithium and oxygen

lithiUm is used alot

Maybe batteries contain lithium

sources

1. "The Element Lithium." It's Elemental -. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2016

2. "Lithium - Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table." Lithium - Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2016.

3. Alkali Metals to the Left." Chem4Kids.com: Elements & Periodic Table: Alkali Metals. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2016.

4. "Chemical Elements.com - Lithium (Li)." Chemical Elements.com - Lithium (Li). N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2016

5. "LITHIUM." Lithium, Chemical Element. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2016.

6. "History." Alkali Metals- Group 1 (IA). N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2016