Types of Mining and Fracking
By: Alex Lee and Nick Gangadhar
Surface and Subsurface Mining
Subsurface Mining is the extraction of minerals and ores from underground. It consists of digging for ores. Ex. Slope, Drift, Shaft.
- Damages more surface area
- Creates a mess
- Not a lot of damage
- Very expensive and Difficult
- Dangerous working conditions
Strip Mining = Getting Ore and coal from mining.
Open Pit Mining = take rocks and minerals from beneath the earth.
Mountaintop Mining = category of mining where soil and rock on top of the minerals are removed.
Slope = Getting valuable material like coal. Also it gets resources by digging straight down into the earth.
Drift = mining of an Ore deposit using underground techniques.
Shaft = Digging vertical tunnels to find minerals.