World Religions Project

By Ross Petersen

Christianity

-Christianity is the belief in the God of Abraham, and the following of the teachings of Jesus Christ, who is believed to be Christians' savior and the son of God


-Believes in a holy trinity, in which three separate deities are one in the same; these include the God of Abraham (the Father), Jesus Christ (the son), and the Holy Spirit

-Monotheistic

-Major holidays and festivals include Christmas, Easter, and Lent

-Go to Church to worship on Sundays

-Pray throughout the day

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What is Christianity?

Judaism

-The religion of the Jewish people


-The Torah is its foundational text

-Believe in the god of Abraham

-Monothestic

-Do not follow the teachings of Jesus Christ

-Major Holidays include Hanukkah, the Jewish New Year, and the Day of Attoment

-Every seventh day of a week a Shabbat is celebrated, a day of rest

-Traditionally pray 3 times a day

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What Is Judaism?

Hinduism

-Hinduism is the major religion of the Indian subcontinent

-Believe in many deities that form and govern the world

-Hindus Worship daily

-Have many holy texts, which are classified into being "remembered", or being "realized"

-Believe in reincarnation until they become perfect acened beyond this world into the next

-Believe in Karma

-Sort of polytheistic, but consider themselves monotheistic because they believe all their gods form one god and those other deities are aspects of that one true god

-Holidays include:

Holi - festival of colors and spring (February-March)

Mahashivaratri (Shiva Ratri) - night sacred to Shiva (February-March)

Rama Navami - birthday of Lord Rama (April)

Krishna Jayanti - birthday of Lord Krishna (July-August) Raksābandhana - renewing bonds between brothers and sisters (July-August)

Kumbh Mela - pilgrimage every 12 years to four cities in India (July-August; last one 2003)

Ganesha-Chaturthi (Ganesha Utsava) - festival of Ganesh (August-September)

Dassera - victory of Rama over demon king Ravana (September-October)

Navaratri - festival of Shakti (in Bengal) or Rama's victory over Ravana (South India) (September-October)

Diwali - festival of lights and Laksmi (September-October)

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Hinduism Explained by Ms. Gouri Maheswari (Danielle)

Buddhism

-Buddhism is a religion indigenous to the Indian subcontinent that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one".

-Meditate

-Believe in reincarnation, like Hindus

-Believe in Karma

-Believe in Nirvana, the state of being enlightened

-Gautama Buddha rejected the existence of a creator deity, refused to endorse many views on creation and stated that questions on the origin of the world are not ultimately useful for ending suffering.

Rather, Buddhism emphasizes the system of causal relationships underlying the universe (pratītyasamutpāda) which constitute the natural order (dharma) and source of enlightenment. No dependence of phenomena on a supernatural reality is asserted in order to explain the behaviour of matter. According to the doctrine of the Buddha, a human being must study Nature (dhamma vicaya) in order to attain personal wisdom (prajna) regarding the nature of things (dharma). In Buddhism, the sole aim of spiritual practice is the complete alleviation of stress in samsara, which is called nirvana.

-Believe you must find your own salvation

-Holidays include:

The New Year

Vesak (Buddha Day)

Sangha

Observance Day

(And many many more)

-The main holy text is the Tripitaka

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World Religions: Buddhism

Islam

-Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God and by the teachings and normative example (called the Sunnah and composed of Hadith) of Muhammad, considered by them to be the last prophet of God.


-God is not expected to be visualized and thus, there are no Islam pictures showing his face

-Believe in the god of Abraham like Jews and Christians, but believe in different prophets

-Holidays include:

The Islamic New Year

Prophet Muhammad's Birthday

Ramadan

Hajj

-Pray

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What is Islam? Explanation of the religion of Islam.