Montesquieu

Political Scientist

Montesquieu

He was a lawyer, noble, member of provincial parliament, and he was a political scientist.


He saw the need for reform and wrote many letters such as the Persian letters and the spirit of the laws.

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What he believed

He wanted to limit the government through the division of power.

The branches would then have a system of checks and balances.

Monarchs should have limited power.

No single set of political laws could apply to all peoples at all times in all places.

He believed executive power resided in the king, legislative in the parliament and judicial power in the courts.