Ergogenic Aids

Anabolic Steroids


Anabolic steroids are steroids that include male sex hormone testosterone and dihydrotestosterone; causes the body to mature during puberty, and other agents that behave like these sex hormones. These steroids allow development of male sexual characteristics and sex organs. These steroids trigger growth in muscle, bones and tissues.

Purpose of use?

There are 2 main purposes of Anabolic Steroids:

  1. Medical Use: They can be legally prescribed to treat circumstances resulting from steroid hormone deficiency, such as delayed puberty, aside from diseases that consequence in loss of lean muscle mass, such as cancer and AIDS.
  2. Personal Use: Some athletes, bodybuilders, and others, abuse these drugs in an attempt to enhance performance and/or improve their physical appearance.

Heath Risks

  • Short-Term and Long-Term Effects



    • Reduced sperm amount

    • Damage to the heart

    • Ineffectiveness

    • Pain while urinating


    • Liver disease or liver cancer

    • Breast development

    • Shrinkage of the testicles

    Women - If a woman uses steroids, some "masculinization" effects may occur:


    • Reduction of the breasts

    • Extreme hair growth


    • Voice deepening

    • Clitoris enlarged

    • Irregular menstrual cycles

  • Physical Effects on Males and Females

    Continuous use of anabolic steroids can reason the following effects in both genders:


    • Acne

    • Fluid preservation

    • Quick weight gain

    • Increased blood pressure and cholesterol levels

    • Insomnia

    • Headaches

    • Reduced sexual performance

    • Increased muscle size

    • Feet and ankles swelling

    • Enhanced healing

    • Improved appetite


    • Blood coagulation

    • Heart attacks

    • Coagulation disorders

    • Cardiovascular, liver, and reproductive organ damage

    • Reduced sexual performance

    • Underdeveloped development in youths

    • Increased risk of injuring ligaments, tendons and muscles

    • Bacterial infections, swellings, redness, and HIV/AIDS (when injecting)

    • Increased muscle size

Is this legal?

Anabolic Steroids can be legal and illegal depending on the situation.

  • It is legal if you are prescribed it for medical treatments such as late maturity during puberty. Other purposes of these steroids can be for helping patients gain weight after a severe illness, injury or a continuous infection.
  • They are illegal when you are not prescribed the steroids by a medical official. Also, they are illegal if they are used as a performance enhancing substance, such as, to increase muscle strength.

How are they tested?

There are 2 very efficient ways an individual can be test positive for anabolic steroids.

  1. A urine sample test
  2. A hair-follicle test

Each of these test provide officials with information such as testosterone and epitestosterone levels. If their levels are tested to be very high, then they fail the test and are recognized as a "cheater".

How does it benefit the athletes?

  • Improves physical appearance
  • Increases muscle mass
  • Increases strength and endurance
  • They can train longer
  • Boosts sporting performance
  • Faster recovery

Athlete Drug Abuser

  1. Shawne Merriman: NFL player for the San Diego Chargers, Shawne Merriman was drafted in the first round (12th Overall) in the 2005 NFL draft out of the University of Maryland. In 2006, he was given a 4 game suspension by the NFL for testing positive for an anabolic steroid. His suspension has led to the NFL rule that no player that has tested positive for steroids can be selected to the Pro Bowl or given any performance awards in the year they test positive.

Work Cited

  1. Anabolic Steroids. (2012, July 1). Retrieved January 8, 2016.

  2. Anabolic Steroids | CESAR. (2013, October 29). Retrieved January 8, 2016.

  3. Anderson, L. (2014, May 4). Anabolic Steroids - Abuse, Side Effects and Safety. Retrieved January 8, 2016.

  4. Steroid Detection Times - Steroid .com. (2001). Retrieved January 11, 2016.