by: Tate Powell
Affects on the body: Early symptoms are minor (see below); however, in the advanced stages, the virus destroys the heptocytes cells, which control liver function. The virus also attacks phagocytes blood cells which help to fight infection by absorbing foreign particles in the blood. The endothelial cells are also compromised, and those cells form the lining of the blood vessels. In the advanced stages of Ebola, the victim suffers kidney failure. Ebola is a deadly virus, affecting the body's most vital organs, blood, and the circulatory system.
The Ebola Virus
Transmitted by fruit bats, non-human primates, and by handling infected individuals
The Center for Disease Control informs the public of how Ebola is spread, and that it is NOT an airborne virus
The virus is also spread when humans consume or come into contact with infected non-human primates or bats.
Individuals affected: The virus is primarily found in countries of West Africa and concentrated in the Congo region. Healthcare workers who provide care, treatment, and handle the bodies of those who are infected are most at risk for this disease.
Mortality rate: The mortality rate of Ebola varies depending on the source. Rates range between 50% as reported by the World Health Organization to 70% as reported by the New England Journal of Medicine. Rates were higher during the outbreak of 2014 for victims in the affected West African countries.
Cure?: There is no current cure for Ebola, nor is there an immunization.