Modern Day Slavery
Human Trafficking defined by the Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000
- Sex trafficking [i.e., the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act] in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or
- The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
Human Trafficking Statistics
Gender and age profile of victims detected globally: 59% Women - 14% Men - 17% Girls and 10% were Boys.
- 600,000 to 800,000 women, children and men bought and sold across international borders every year and exploited for forced labor or commercial sex.
- When U.S. trafficking victims are added to the estimates, the number of victims annually is in the range of 2 to 4 million.
- 50% of those victims are estimated to be children.
- It is estimated that 76 percent of transactions for sex with underage girls start on the Internet.
- There are 20.9 Million victims of Trafficking World wide as of 2012.
- 1.5 Million victims in the United States.
- Human trafficking has surpassed the illegal sale of arms.
- Trafficking will surpass the illegal sale of drugs in the next few years.
- Drugs are used once and they are gone. Victims of child trafficking can be used and abused over and over.
- A $32 billion-a-year industry, human trafficking is on the rise and is in all 50 states
- Up to 300,000 Americans under 18 are lured into the commercial sex trade every year
- From 14,500 - 17,500 of those victims are trafficked into the United States each year
- Average life span of a victim is reported to be 7 years (found dead from attack, abuse, HIV and other STD's, malnutrition, overdose or suicide)
- The largest group of at-risk children are runaway, thrown away, or homeless American children who use survival sex to acquire food, shelter, clothing, and other things needed to survive on the streets. (Ark of Hope for Children, 2016)
Types of Human Trafficking
- Sex Trafficking
- Child Sex Trafficking (under 18 yrs old)
- Forced Labor
- Debt Bondage
- Domestic Servitude
- Forced Child Labor
- Unlawful Recruitment and Use of Child Soldiers (Trafficking in Persons Report, 2015)
Human Trafficking Indicators
- Living with employer
- Poor living conditions
- Multiple people in cramped space
- Inability to speak to individual alone
- Answers appear to be scripted and rehearsed
- Employer is holding identity documents
- Signs of physical abuse
- Submissive or fearful
- Unpaid or paid very little
- Under 18 and in prostitution
(U.S. Department of State, 2016)
Questions to Ask
If you think someone may be a trafficking victim here are some questions you can ask. Please ask privately and without jeopardizing the victim's safety.
- Can you leave your job if you want to?
- Can you come and go as you please?
- Have you been hurt or threatened if you tried to leave?
- Has your family been threatened?
- Do you live with your employer?
- Where do you sleep and eat?
- Are you in debt to your employer?
- Do you have your passport/identification? Who has it?
(U.S. Department of State, 2016)
If You Suspect A Person Is A Victim
If you think you have identified someone in a trafficking situation, alert law enforcement immediately. It may be unsafe to try and rescue a trafficking victim. You have no way of knowing how the trafficker may react against the victim and you.
Call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center which is a 24 hour, toll-free, multilingual hotline. This hotline is for reporting a tip, connecting with anti-trafficking resources in your area, requesting training, or general information. The center is set up to receive calls from potential victims, community members, law enforcement, medical and health professionals, researchers, students, and policymakers.
1-888-3737-888 National Trafficking Resource Center
For urgent situations, please call 911
Vulnerability of Foster Children
- It is estimated that between 100,000-300,000 American youth are currently at risk for becoming victims of trafficking. The average age of a child who enters the sex trade in the U.S. is 12-14 years old. Traffickers target those who have an unstable life, have been abused, neglected, or exploited already.
- In testimony before a U.S. House of Representatives Committee, John Ryan, CEO of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, noted that 60 percent of runaways who are victims of sex trafficking had been in the custody of social services or in foster care. (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2016)
Human Trafficking in North Carolina
The National Human Trafficking Resource Center:
- Since 2007, the national hotline has identified 609 cases of trafficking in NC.
- As of March 31, 2016 there were already 38 cases.
- 28 were sex trafficking, 8 were forced labor.
- 13 were minors.
- 9 were U.S. Citizens, 8 foreign national.
A Safe Place
- Toll free anonymous hotline- 855-723-7529
- Services include transitional housing, complete case management, educational and vocational training, and counseling.
- For those who are pregnant or parenting there is child care, parenting classes, and specialized counseling.
National Human Trafficking Resource Center
Trafficking In Persons Report
U.S. Department of State
International Labor Organization
Ark of Hope for Children