Wonderful People of the Middle Ages

Joan of Arc, William the Conqueror, and King John

Joan of Arc

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Biographical Information

Joan of Arc was born in Domremy, France in 1412 as a French peasant girl. She die in Rouen, France on May 30th, 1431. She was only nineteen years old when she died.

Memorable Moments

At age seventeen, she secretly left her home after recieving messages from angels telling her to seek support from the French dauphin Charles for her military mission. On May 8th, 1429, Joan and her armies successfully lifted the English siege on Orleans. A year and a half later; however, Joan was wounded and captured in battle at Compiègne and was brought to trial in Rouen for heresy by political enemies. She was charged for lying, sorcery, schismatism, blood-thirstiness, and wearing men's clothing. She was burnt at the stake before a large crowd on May 30th, 1431. Her ashes were then buried in the Seine.

Importance

Joan of Arc was a key asset to the French during the Hundred Years' War against the English. She led French troops into battle when she was only seventeen years old. After the victory at Orléans, her popularity rose and the French considered her as God's emissary. She also escortred Charles to his coronation a the cathedral in Rheims in July of 1429.

William the Conqueror

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Biographical Infromation

William the Conqueror was born in Falaise, France in 1027. He was the king of England from 1066 till his death on Spetember 9th, 1087 in Rouen, France. Prior to becoming one of the most powerful men in Western Europe, he was an illegitimate child.

Memorable Moments

In 1066, William the Conqueror launched an invasion of England and gained control after defeating King Harold at the Battle of Hastings. He instituted new laws and greatly increased the power that the English kings possessed over the noblemen. He even established a new line of English royalty that dates even to the present day.

Importance

William the Conqueror was a strong military leader as well as a powerful king. He became king after he defeated King Harold in 1066 and evdefeating the Normans in October of that same year. On December 25th, 1066, William the Conqueror recieved the English crown sealing his place as the king. 

King John

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Biographical Information

King John was born in Oxford on December 24th, 1167. He was the youngest son of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Since his father didn't grant him an appanage of the Continent at first, he was known as "John Lackland". John became king upon the death of his brother King Richard I. John married Isabella of  Angoulême in 1200. He died in Newark on October 19th, 1216.

Memorable Moments

King John was crowned king of England on May 27th, 1199. He was involved in the murder of Arthur on April 3rd, 1203. He also became involved in a dispute with Pope Innocent III in 1205. During 1211, King John quashed the Welsh rebellion and on June 15th, 1215, the Magna Carta was signed by King John and in that same year, the First Barons War began.

Importance

King John was a strong leader during his reign as the king of England. He was considered a major part of history in the English royal blood line.