Andrew Jackson and the Cherokee
A Saga in American History
Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears
The Indian Removal Act was passed by the United States Legislature in 1830. This Act allowed negotiations to take place between the president/Georgia's government and the Native Americans in the Southern United States. In 1835, the Cherokee agreed to give up their land in exchange for land west of the Mississippi River in the form of a treaty. And then in 1838, the Cherokee left the lands in Georgia and began the move west. Thousands would die of illness, cold, and starvation in what is now called the Trail of Tears.