Latin American Leaders
Jose Morelos and Pedro I
Jose Morelos was born in on September 30, 1756 in Valladolid, Mexico. He was a part of the Creole class. Morelos help Mexico gain its independence. Mexico wanted independence from Spain because Spain was taking the money from the mexican citizens and using it for its own. Also, there was racial and class distinctions that Morelos wanted to remove. Morelos dies on December 22, 1815.
Today, in memory of Morelos, there are cities in Mexico named after him, the State of Morelos and the city of Morelia.
One way he helped Mexico gain independence was by picking up where the former leader, Hidalgo, left off.
In order to defeat the Spaniards, Morelos needed to use guerrilla tactics.
Morelos called the Congress of Chilpancingo in 1813 to form a government and draft a constitution. In November, congress declared Mexico's Independence.
Today Pedro isn't celebrated directly, but the Brazilian independence is celebrated on September 7. People celebrate by gathering in the road with banners, balloons and streamers, and the young Brazilian women carry the national flag the symbol of the greatest democracy.
He was a natural wartime leader, with a real connection to the soldiers and people who suffered in the conflict. He even fought in the battles.
He helped Brazil gain its independence with little bloodshed.
Pedro I signed the Peace Treaty with Portugal.