Marie Curie

1867-1934

Radio Activity

Known for her work in Radio Activity...

Marie Curie was and Polish and French physicist and chemist who conducted research on radioactivity. She was born November 7th, 1867 as Maria Salomea Skłodowska in Warsaw in what was then the Kingdom of Poland part of the Russian Empire. She did her scientific studies and training at Floating University in Warsaw. In 1891, when she was 24, she followed her older sister to study in Paris, where she earned her higher degree and conducted her scientific work. She then married her husband who is also a scientist Pierre Curie. They had two daughters Irene Joliot-Curie and Eve Curie. In 1903 she shared the Noble Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and scientist Henri Becqurel. She also won the 1911 Noble Prize in Chemistry. Her achievements included a theory of radioactivity and techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, discovering two elements, polonium and radium.In her direction, the first studies were managed into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes. She then founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and in Warsaw, and they remain major centres of medical research today. During World War I, she established the first military field radiological centres. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in more than on field, and the only person to win in multiple sciences. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris. Marie Curie then died on July 4th, 1934 from aplastic anemia which was caused from being exposed to radiation. In 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in Paris.