One country, Many Ethnic Groups
By 1914 , Great Britain had taken over the government of Nigeria . The borders of the British colony of Nigeria included part of Hausaland, part of yorubaland , and Iboland. Nigeria became independent in 1960.
To help unify the country, in 1991 the government moved the nations capital from Lagos, in the south, to Abuja in the central portion of the country.
Three Different Cultures
About 20 percent of Nigeria's people are Yoruba and many of them still live in Lagos, the city-state they built more than 500 years ago.
Most Yorubas are farmers.
A count of all the people in a country is called a census.