Ancient Egypt

By Emily Sherrets

Old Kingdom 2649–2150 B.C.

During the old kingdom The Egyptians developed the most art they also made the pyramid of Giza. They also had huge statues made out of wood, copper, and stone. Most of the art during this time was based on life after death.

Middle Kingdom 2030- 1640 B.C

The middle kingdom happened after reuniting the upper and lower Egypt. This was the period of Reunification. The middle kingdom was ruled by the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth dynasties. Ancient art still began to grow a new type of statue called the "block statue" became popular. Literature was also improving it became more of entertainment with more stories. The Middle kingdom started to weaken during the thirteenth dynasty when the pharaoh's control began to weaken.

New Kingdom 1550 B.C -1070 B.C

The New Kingdom is also called the Egyptian Empire. This was the last of Egyptians three great kingdoms. During the New Kingdom honoring the Gods and Pharaohs and architecture. The new kingdom was also know for their military Conquest.

Pharaohs and More

Everyone had there own part of the government in which they ran. Pharaohs were the leaders. The Pharaohs where viewed as a God or God like they also had complete control. Second to the pharaoh is the vizier or prime minister.


The ancient Egyptians worshipped a variety Gods and Goddesses (over 2000 actually). They believed that the Gods had power over everything such as gender of newborns and the size of crop they had. They also believed that the Gods kept everything in balance in the universe. Gods could be human or animal or even a mixture of the two. To worship Gods they would make shrines, and give offerings such as flowers or food.


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Woman in society

In the ancient Egyptian society woman did have a role. Wealthy woman could even buy property, be priestesses, and run businesses.

Children in Society

In ancient Egypt children didn't have a normal childhood as we would imagine today. Most children worked on the farm, baking, brewing and weaving. Wealthy boys had the change to go to school. Some children were even married by the age of twelve.

Deadly diseases

There where many deadly diseases in ancient Egypt such as...

Cholera, which was from water and caused diarrhea and vomiting.

Tuberculosis that was from the air and it affected your lungs.

Bilharzia that was from snails that were living in fresh water.

Malaria that you got from Mosquitoes

Small pox which causes spots on your skin.


During this time ancient Egyptian Doctors had medicines just like ours today, theres were just a little different.

To ease pain they would cover you in oil and put you out in the sun.

For Indigestion they would use crushed up hog teeth (ew)

For Diarrhea they would use grapes, corn, bread, and onions.

They also used honey for other treatments.

Ancient Doctors and mummification

Ancient Egyptian doctors were the best in ancient times and knew how the body worked. Thats why it was easy for them to figure out how to mummify a body. Mummification is preserving dead bodies for afterlife. This procedure took 70 days or more from the moment of death to mummify a body. Mummification included the taking out of the organs, and backed them with special salts. After the body was dried out they removed salt and stuffed the body with lined and covered the body in oil and perfume. Later they wrapped the body in bandages and then the body would be laid into the coffin for rest.
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The Mummification Process

After life

Afterlife was very important for the Egyptians once you were mummified you were buried in a coffin called a Sarcophagus with your possessions such as food and jewelry. You were buried with things that they think you would need in the afterlife.

Famous Pharaoh King Tut

King Tut was the youngest Pharaoh, he died at the age 19 from unknown causes. King Tut was the 12th king of the 18th Egyptian Dynasty. He was more 1341 B.C.E with the name Tutankhaten which means "The living image of Aten." When King tut died he was burried in a tomb in the valley of kings.
Mini Bio: King Tut

Ramsesses II

Ramsesses II was born in 1303 B.C. At the age of 15 he became prince of Egypt. As prince he joined his father in battles and by the age of twenty-two he was leading battles by himself. Ramsesses was a pharaoh during the New Kingdom. He had over 200 wives 96 sons, and 60 daughters. He died at the age of 90 in 1213. He was buried in the Valley of the kings.