Evidence Based Practices

Functional Communication Training & Managing Reinforcement

What is Functional Communication Training? (Technical Definition)

Functional Communication Training (FCT) is a systematic process used to assist individuals in replacing inappropriate behavior or communications with appropriate and effective behaviors or skills. Prior to the use of FCT, a functional analysis is completed in order to determine the function of competing behavior. Differential reinforcement may be used so that an alternative response (or communication) is taught and reinforced with the problem behavior being placed on extinction. The "alternative response" is a form of communication, including vocalization, manual sign, PECS or object exchange.
FCT: A Review and Practical Guide

Review of FCT best practices as they arise during the development of effective FCT interventions. Manuscript located on Association for Behavior Analysis International website.

What is Functional Communication Training? (User-Friendly Definition)

Functional Communication Training (FCT) involves identifying the function or purpose of the student's challenging behavior and teaching an appropriate replacement behavior that will serve the same purpose. The replacement behavior should utilize a form of communication.
FCT: What Works Brief

This brief was developed along with other Evidence-Based Practice Briefs for parents and educators by the Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning.

Managing Reinforcement