The 13 colonies

by: Zack, Kyle, Riley, Kerstyn, and Amanda

The Colonies

The colonies are divided into three groups the New England , The Middle, and The Southern Colonies. The New England colonies are Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire. The Middle colonies are Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. The southern colonies are Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.


The New England Colonies

Founders:


Rhode Island: Roger Williams, 1636


Connecticut: Thomas Hooker, 1636


Massachusetts: John Winthrop, 1630


New Hampshire: John Wheelwright, 1638


Reason For Founding:

The New England Colonies were created mainly so colonists could freely practice their own religion. They wanted to keep their family units together in one place where they could have religious freedom. Some colonies were also founded to make money. All the colonies have large agricultural and manufacturing industries. Wheat, corn, and potatoes are grown while dairy and livestock are raised. There is also fishing, lumbering, shipbuilding, and textiles manufacturing.


Geographical Features:


Climate: cold weather prevented the spread of diseases but it also caused many people to die.


Natural Resources: Fish, whales, trees, and furs. These were more important than agriculture in these colonies because of the poor, rocky soil, and short growing season.


Religion:

  • largely Puritan
  • led very strict lives




The Middle Colonies

Founders:


Delaware: Peter Minuit, 1638


Pennsylvania: William Penn, 1682


New York: Peter Minuit, 1626


New Jersey: English Colonists, 1664


Reason For Founding:

The Middle Colonies were also founded in search of religious freedom. However they did not bring their families with them from England. Manufacturing and agriculture were also large industries. They grew corn, wheat, grain, and rice as well as raised cattle. The Middle Colonies manufactured paper, textiles, ships, and they did iron work and lumbering.


Geographical Features:


Climate: less hot and less cold than the other colonies


Bodies of water: Delaware River, Wanticoke River, Hudson River, Mohawk River, Genesse River, Lake Ontario, lake Erie, Champlain and George.


Religion:


  • mixture of different religions
  • Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, and others


The Southern Colonies

Founders:

Maryland: Lord Baltimore, 1633


Virginia: John Smith, 1607


North Carolina: Virginia Colonists, 1653


South Carolina: English Colonists, 1663


Georgia: James Oglethorpe, 1732

Reason For Founding:

The Southern Colonies were founded by people who were mainly out to make money from large plantations. Corn, wheat, rice, indigo, tobacco, cotton, and sugar were all grown in the Southern Colonies. However, there were also manufacturing industries such as shipbuilding and iron works to make profits.


Geographical Features:

Climate: Warmest of the colonies, did not have to worry about survining cold winters


Natural Resources: rich farm land, forrest, and fish

Religion:


  • also a mixture of religions
  • Baptists and Anglicans


The Great Awakening was a time in the 18th century that affected all the regions of colonies. It was a movement to refocus peoples' minds on the church and religion. Famous preachers such as George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards brought many people into church.







Timeline

New England Colonies:

Massachusetts - 1630

Connecticut - 1636

Rhode Island - 1636

New Hampshire - 1638

The Middle Colonies:

New York - 1626

Delaware - 1638

New Jersey - 1664

Pennsylvania - 1682

Southern Colonies:

Virginia - 1607

Maryland - 1633

North Carolina - 1653

South Carolina - 1663

Georgia - 1732