Is Universal Peace Achievable?

Treaty of Versailles

"The question upon which the whole future peace and policy of the world depends is this: is the present war a struggle for a just and secure peace, or only for a new balance?" -Thomas Woodrow Wilson

The League of Nations was created after the first World War as an international organization built to establish peace throughout the world. Their principal mission was to prevent further wars from occurring by settling negotiations through peaceful discussions. The men that made up this League were known as "The Big Four" which included President Wilson of America, David LLoyd George of Great Britain, Georges Clemencas of France, and Viltorio Orland of Italy. The allies could decide and agree upon what they wanted to do with the central powers including Germnay, Austria-Hungrary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.


The Treaty was written so that Germany was required to accept responsibility for the start of the war as well as the more then ten million soldiers lives that were taken. Germany and their allies were expected to pay for all the damage that was done to the other countries. Although the League's primary purpose was to keep the peace and institute stability throughout the World, the "Big Four" failed to live up to their own standards and the organization eventually fell through.









Just Peace

The United States had various feelings about the Treaty of Versailles. The German Americans felt that their fatherland was being treated too harshly and the Irish Americans criticized the treaty for failing to address the issue of the Irish receiving their independence. The Diehard Americans isolationists worried about the permanent global involvement and many Americans felt that they shouldn't get involved with the war at all. President Wilson attempted to keep the United States out of the war for as long as possible because he believed flaws in international relations created an unhealthy climate. This convinced him to outline a vision for a safer, more peaceful world which was called "The Fourteen Points." His hope was that his points would reduce economic and nationalist sentiments that might lead to a future war.


When Wilson presented his "Fourteen Points" to the "Big Four" they agreed that they needed to establish an organization which later became known as the League of Nations."The question upon which the whole future peace and policy of the world depends is this: is the present war a struggle for a just and secure peace, or only for a new balance?" He signed the Treaty of Versailles for three reasons: to help Germany form a democratic government, rebuild europe so as to prevent future wars, and create a league that could peacefully solve any future problems. Unfortunately, the other countries in the League had different ideas about how severe Germany should be punish and Wilson refused to join.