TOMATO SAUCE

mothersauce

history

Tomato sauce refers to any of a very large number of sauces made primarily from tomatoes, usually to be served as part of a dish. Tomato sauces are common for meat and vegetables, but they are perhaps best known as sauces for pasta dishes.

ingredients

Tomato Sauce is one of the five mother sauces of classical French cooking, as codified by Auguste Escoffier. It consists of salt belly of pork, onions, bay leaves, thyme, tomato purée or fresh tomatoes, roux, garlic, salt, sugar, and pepper.

cooking/ tips on preparation

Optionally tomato skins may be scalded and peeled and tomato seeds may be removed to avoid their bitterness. Water (or another, more flavorful liquid such as stock or wine) is sometimes added to keep it from drying out too much. Onion and garlic are almost always sweated or sautéed at the beginning before the tomato is added. Other seasonings typically include basil, oregano, parsley, and possibly some spicy red pepper or black pepper. Ground or chopped meat is also common.

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recipe 1 - spaghetti sauce

Add garlic, tomatoes, tomato paste, tomato sauce and water. Add basil, parsley, brown sugar, salt, crushed red pepper, and black pepper. Stir well and barely bring to a boil. Stir in red wine. Simmer on low, stirring frequently for at least an hour. A longer simmer makes for a better sauce, just be careful not to let it burn!

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recipe 2 - tomato soup

Preheat the boiler. Place the tomatoes cut side down on a rimmed baking sheet and broil until the skins begin to char and burst, 10 to 12 minutes. Remove from the oven. When cool enough to handle, remove the charred skins. Meanwhile, heat a large saucepan over medium heat. Add 3 tbsps butter and then a chopped onion. Cook and stir until tender but not brown, 3 to 5 minutes. Add the tomatoes and simmer until the tomatoes have cooked down, about 20 minutes. Season with the salt, pepper, and sugar and add the basil and oregano. Serve immediately, or remove from the heat and cool completely before storing in the refrigerator or freezer.
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recipe 3 - pizza sauce

In a large skillet, melt butter with oil. Add onion, celery and garlic and saute until soft and transparent. Add tomato sauce and tomato paste and stir until smooth. Add remaining ingredients and bring to slow simmer. Simmer for 30-60 minutes (or not at all depending on your taste and time frame). Remove the bay leaf and spread the sauce on your prepared pizza dough.

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derived sauces

-Béchamel Sauce

-Veloute Sauce

sources

"The Food Timeline History Notes--sauce." The Food Timeline History Notes--sauce. Web. 31 Jan. 2016. http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodsauces.html.


"World Famous Spaghetti Recipe - Food.com." World Famous Spaghetti Recipe - Food.com. Web. 31 Jan. 2016. http://www.food.com/recipe/jo-mamas-world-famous-spaghetti-22782.


"Tomato Soup : Food Network." Tomato Soup Recipe : Food Network. Web. 31 Jan. 2016. http://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/tomato-soup-recipe0.html.


"Ultimate Pizza Sauce Recipe - Food.com." Ultimate Pizza Sauce Recipe - Food.com. Web. 31 Jan. 2016. http://www.food.com/recipe/ultimate-pizza-sauce-114392.


Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 31 Jan. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato_sauce>.