The UK and US argued over the land. The two nations agreed to do a joint occupation.
After facing a tough loss from the Mexicans at the Alamo, Texas got its independence from battling the Mexicans at San Jacinto.
After the Oregon treaty and the effects of the Mexican-American war the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo allowed Texas annexation.
James Polk declares war with peoples votes in favor of declaring war.
The Mexican cession was where Mexico gave the United states the southwest portion of the United states. (Owned by Mexico at the time.)
Gold was discovered in California by James Marshall.
The gold rush was an event that happened when James Marshall found gold at Sutters mill. Soon people got "gold fever" and population in California skyrocketed.
The gadsden purchase was a treaty where Mexico allowed the US to buy ten million dollars worth of their land. The land is now known as Arizona and New Mexico.
Trails west map
I know that life has been tough at home, and I am sorry to say that it will only get tougher. I sent in my last letter that I would be sending money, but instead I'm sending a divorce form. The mine camp is no good. No one finds anything ever, and if something is found then the finder keeps the treasure and the money. The people running the camps are running out of money, as am I, they keep talking of big things only to find rocks not gold. Life in California is good away from the camps. I have a very lovely lady that lives next to me, but sometimes it seems pitiful. So many people come for hopes of gold when we have no gold left. The population is getting bigger everyday of hopeful people, the smart people got out first. Just being apart of the gold rush is too much. Too many sorrows and weeps, too many dreamers who turn into weepers. I can't imagine what other wives are going through, or the children. I hope you can forgive me, for I have no money to travel to come home. Hopefully this isn't the end.