Architecture Terminology

Crystal Chaves

Arch

May be defined as mechanical arangement of wedge shaped blocks of stones or bricks mutually supporting each other and supported at the end by abutments.

Brackets

a decorative or structural (upside-down L-shape) projection of wood, iron, marble, polyurethane, or other materials to support overhangs, cantilevered objects; corbel
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Buttress

It is similar to a pier built on the exterior of a wall and properly binded to it. Buttresses are placed at intervals along wall to make it stable for resisting outward.

Chair rail

any material in a horizontal trim installed on the wall in a room, usually 30" / 762mm off the floor; used in large walls, further adorned with bead board, trim, wallpaper, or contrasting colors below and above

Chimney

Chimney flues visible from the exterior of a house, and sometimes very decorative.

Column

may be defined as an isolated vertical load bearing member the width of which is neither less than the thickness nor more than four times its thickness.

Column capital

Corbel

It is the extension of one or more courses or brick or stone from the face of a wall.

Cupola

A small dome, or hexagonal or octagonal tower, located at the top of a building. A cupola is sometimes topped with a lantern. A belvedere is a square-shaped cupola.

Dormer

A perpendicular window located in a sloping roof; triangular walls join the window to the roof. Dormer windows are sometimes crowned with pediments, and they often light attic sleeping rooms; “dormer” derives from “dormir,” French for “to sleep.”

Eaves

The lower edge of the inclined roof surface of a pitched roof is termed as eaves.

Façade

front face or elevation of a building
Fanlight- The function of fan light is to ensure cross ventilation in the room even when the door is closed. It also assists in providing natural light in the corridirs or passages.


Finial-


Floor Plan-The arrangement of rooms in a building.

Fluting-decorative parallel grooves, concave, and semi-circular in section on classical columns and friezes

Frieze-A band of richly sculpted ornamentation on a building.

Lintel-a piece of wood or stone that lies across the top of a door or window and holds the weight of the structure above it

Masonry-Being of stone, brick, or concrete.

Pediment

A decorative triangular piece situated over a portico, door, window, fireplace, etc. The space inside the triangular piece is called the “tympanum,” and is often decorated.

Pendant

a hanging lighting fixture

Pilaster

A shallow, non-structural rectangular column, attached to, and projecting only slightly from, a wall surface.

Pillar

A structural support, similar to a column, but larger and more massive, and often without ornamentation. Pillars can be round or square in section, and are most often made of brick, stone, cement, or other masonry, although substantial wooden timbers can be formed into pillars.

Porch

a structure attached to the entrance of a building that has a roof and that may or may not have walls

Stucco

an exterior finish for masonry or frame walls, usually composed of cement, sand, and hydrated lime mixed with water and laid on wet.