Poland ( 2004 )

Samantha Lawhorn

General Facts

- The capital of Poland is Warsaw.

- Poland's population s 38,533,000 people ( 2013 )

- 10 interesting places to visit in Poland are : 1. Wawel Castle in Krakow

2. Auschwitz-Birkenau in Oswiecim

3. Masurian Lakeland in northeastern Poland close to the boarder with Lithuania

4. Slowinski Sand Dunes near Leba

5. Malbork Castle near Poland's Tri-City

6. Wieliczka Salt Mine Krakow

7. Gdansk Old Town in Gdansk

8. Warsaw Old Market Place in Warsaw

9. Main Market Square in Krakow

10. Bialowieza Forest in north east-central Poland

- countries that border Poland are Belarus, the Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine

- The highest elevation is 2,499 meters at Mount Rysy

- Poland’s most important natural resources are hardcoal, lignite, copper, zinc, lead ores, silver, sulphur, salt, rock salt, building stone, natural gas and oil.

- Poland is an exporter of the following agricultural products - processed fruits and vegetables, meat, and dairy products. Poland also exports electromechanical products, vehicles, aircraft, and vessels.

The Trail of Eagles' Nests

Who doesn't like the idea of living in a castle? Poland is rich in history and in South Poland in the Krakow-Czestochowa Upland is a 160 kilometer trail called the Trail of Eagles' Nests located on cliffs that appear to be like an eagles nest. The trail has 25 castle ruins most were built by Kazimierz the Great, Polish king. The king's ancestors built many palaces and manor many of which have been reconstruction and still look beautiful. A tour of this region could have you feeling like a king or queen for a day.

Just the place for a history buff

Do you like history? Well, there are many places in South Poland of historical significance. Auschwitz-Birkenau is located about 60 kilometers from Krakow. Auschwitz concentration camps were a network of concentration and extermination camps operated by the Third Reich in areas of Poland annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. January 2014 marked 69 years since the liberation of the camp. Just south of Krakow are the Wieliczka Salt Mines. Rock salt has been mined since the 13th century. A visit to the salt mines shows the historic development of mining techniques. The mine has hundreds of kilometers of galleries with works of art, underground chapels, and statues sculpted in salt. Just a small escape to look back at a different place in Poland's history.

Poland Graphics

The Eagles' Nests castles along the marked trail


Royal castles

  1. Będzin Castle
  2. Bobolice Castle
  3. Brzeźnica Castle
  4. Kraków - Wawel
  5. Krzepice Castle
  6. Lelów Castle
  7. Ojców Castle
  8. Olkusz Castle
  9. Olsztyn Castle
  10. Ostrężnik Castle
  11. Rabsztyn Castle
  12. Wieluń Castle
  13. Żarnowiec Castle


Episcopal castles

  1. Babice - "Lipowiec" Castle
  2. Siewierz Castle
  3. Sławków Castle


Knight's castles


  1. Biały Kościół Castle
  2. Bobrek Castle
  3. Bydlin Castle
  4. Częstochowa - Błeszno Castle
  5. Danków Castle
  6. Koniecpol - Chrząstów Castle
  7. Koniecpol Stary Castle
  8. Korzkiew Castle
  9. Koziegłowy Castle
  10. Kraków - Gródek Castle
  11. Tyniec - Tenczyn Castle
  12. Krzykawka Castle
  13. Mirów Castle
  14. Morawica Castle
  15. Morsko - "Bąkowiec" Castle
  16. Pieskowa Skała
  17. Pilica Castle
  18. Podzamcze - Ogrodzieniec Castle
  19. Rudno - Tenczyn Castle
  20. Smoleń Castle
  21. Udórz Castle
  22. Żarki Castle


Defensive watchtowers


  1. Częstochowa - Mirów
  2. Giebło
  3. Klucze
  4. Łutowiec Castle
  5. Przewodziszowice
  6. Ryczów Castle
  7. Siedlec n. Będzin
  8. Suliszowice
  9. Wiesiółka
  10. Złoty Potok


Residential-defensive towers

  1. Dubie
  2. Grabowa
  3. Kraków - Zwierzyniec
  4. Kwaśniów

FOR EVER LET THIS PLACE BE

A CRY OF DESPAIR

AND A WARNING TO HUMANITY,

WHERE THE NAZIS MURDERED

ABOUT ONE AND A HALF

MILLION

MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN,

MAINLY JEWS

FROM VARIOUS COUNTRIES

OF EUROPE.


AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

1940-1945

Flag of Poland

Poland's national flag has two horizontal stripes of red and white. The state flag, used by the government, includes the coat of arms. An eagle has been used on the Polish coat of arms since the 1200's.