Endemic Species of Madagascar

Mouse Lemur, Radiated Tortoise and Flat-Tailed Gecko

By Alyssa Timmons

Endemic species are species that are only found in a specific place.

Description of the Area


Madagascar is an island, on the right of Africa. The climate is tropical, temperate and arid, depending on what part you are on. The climate changes, but there is a hot rainy season and a cooler dry season. The vegetation in Madagascar are forests but there are also grasslands. The mouse lemur, radiated tortoise and flat tailed gecko are all found in the forest of Madagascar.



Information About Organisms

Mouse Lemur

Lemur in Madagascar - Northern Giant Mouse Lemur

Mouse lemurs live on the coast of Madagascar and in the forests. Mouse lemurs usually stay in the trees of the dry forest. The mouse lemur is an omnivore it mainly eats fruit, berries, flowers, nectar, and insects. The mouse lemurs predators are owls and snakes. During reproduction the male will make trill noises and gently brush her fur. The reproduction is finished when the female starts making trilling sounds along with the male.



Radiated Tortoise

What is a Radiated Tortoise

The radiated tortoise is an herbivore. The radiated tortoise eats plants and lemur feces and fruits. The radiated tortoise lives in a spiny forest. During reproduction the male tortoise gets on top of the female tortoise and makes cow-like noises. The only thing that is really a threat to the radiated tortoise is humans. Some humans hunt them for food and others capture babies and sell them at pet auctions.




Flat-Tailed Gecko

The flat-tailed gecko lives on the the islands in dense tropical jungles. The flat-tailed gecko is a carnivore it's main food is insects, spiders, and worms. The flat-tailed geckos main predators are owls, eagles, snakes, and mice. The male flat-tailed gecko puts its tail underneath the female flat-tailed gecko. They are done whenever the males tail swells and/or gets bigger.



Special Adaptations

Mouse Lemur

The mouse lemur adapts by staying in groups that can cover over 5 acres. Although they stand in such big groups they usually hunt alone. They also stay in the trees and are very good climbers. Another adaptation is that they are so small that it is hard for them to be spotted by predators.


Radiated Tortoise

The radiated Tortoises shell looks smoother than other tortoises but its not. So when other prey try to attack the shell protects the radiated tortoise. Also that tortoises usually don't use there hands when they eat. They tend to almost swallow things whole.

Flat-Tailed Gecko

The flat-tailed geckos black/brown color helps it blend into the dark wood of the forest. Also on the bottom of the Flat-Tailed Geckos toes it is sticky which helps them to be able to hold onto the bark.