Types of Mining
Types of Surface Mining
Open Pit Mining- A technique of removing rock and soil from an open pit or burrow. This makes big ugly holes.
Mountain Top Removal- Involves removing the top of the mountain(up to 400 ft.) to get coal. This will also destroy animals habitats.
Types of Subsurface Mining
Drift Mining- Drift is more of as term. It means a nearly horizontal passage in a mine following a bed of ore.
Shaft Mining- A method of excavating a vertical tunnel from the top down.
None of these techniques of mining will cause major affects to the environment.